Narrative - Official Air Force Mission Description
Mission 682: 567 bombers and 604 fighters are dispatched to hit targets in Germany; 5 bombers and 5 fighters are lost:
1. 337 B-17s are dispatched to make a PFF attack on Kassel/Mittefeld (300); targets of opportunity are Cologne (1) and other (2); 2 B-17s are lost; 1 airman is WIA and 18 MIA. Escort is provided by 388 P-47s and P-51s; 4 P-51s are lost.
2. 118 B-17s are dispatched to make a GH attack on the Ford Plant at Cologne (79); 30 others hit Cologne/Nippes marshaling yard; 22 B-17s are damaged; 1 airman is KIA and 2 WIA. Escort is provided by 38 of 45 P-47s without loss.
3. 112 B-24s are dispatched to make a GH attack on the industrial complex at Leverkusen (39); 30 others hit the Cologne/Nippes marshaling yard; 3 B-24s are lost and 26 damaged; 27 airmen are MIA. Escort is provided by 139 of 146 P-51s; 1 P-51 is lost.
Source: THE ARMY AIR FORCES IN WORLD WAR II: COMBAT CHRONOLOGY, 1941-1945 by Carter / Mueller, the Office of Air Force History,
303BG Mission Report - Target: Ford Motor Plant at Cologne, Germany. Crews Dispatched: 28 (358BS - 7, 359th - 6, 360th - 7, 427th - 7). Length of Mission: 6 hours, 30 minutes.
Bomb Load: 6 x 500 lb G.P. M43 & 6 x 500 lb M17 Incendiaries. Bombing Altitudes: 26,800 & 25,500 ft. Ammo Fired: 490 rounds.
Cologne was again the target. Clouds over the city and flak guns still were present. The primary target was the Ford Motor Plant and secondary, if PFF bombing were required, was military installations. One aircraft failed to take off. Two Fortresses returned early when over the Harrington Buncher. The lead 359BS aircraft left the formation after bombing due to a gas shortage. The Deputy Leader, 1Lt. Patrick H. Brabant, took over. Aircraft #44-8318 (No Name) 360BS (2Lt. Lutz) flew and bombed with the 379BG from Kimbolton.
Seventeen aircraft of the low and high Squadrons dropped 96 500-lb. G.P. M43 and 96 500-lb. M17 incendiary bombs on the primary target from 26,800 and 25,500 ft. Eight lead Squadron B-17s dropped 44 500-lb. M43 and 48 500-lb. M17 bombs on the secondary target by PFF equipment when the GEE-H equipment malfunctioned. Bombing results were believed to have been very poor. In the target area, there were 9/10 low clouds with tops at 18,000 ft.
Anti-aircraft fire at the target was moderate and generally inaccurate, with a few accurate bursts. Some meager to moderate, but inaccurate, fire was encountered at Koblenz and along the Mosele River. One aircraft sustained major and six, minor battle damage. Chaff seemed to have some beneficial effect. No enemy aircraft were seen and 38 P-47s provided good escort service.
source: 303rd Bomb Group web page http://www.303rdbg.com/
351BG Mission Report - 12 aircraft were sent on this mission.
source: 351st Bomb Group web page http://www.351st.org/ken.harbour
384BG Mission Report - 384th BG Mission Number 213. The 384th Bombardment Group (H) flew as the 41st CBW "B" Group on today's mission. Clouds obscured the target so each squadron started a Gee-H bomb run - in each case the Gee-H equipment failed, so the deputy had to take over with PFF (radar), with varying results. The lead and low squadron deputies did not have enough time to take over on the initial bomb run, so they turned and attacked the PFF secondary. The high squadron was able to complete the attack on the primary on the first run. Primary Target: Ford Motor Works - Cologne, Germany. Target Attacked : Secondary (PFF): Railroad Marshalling Yards - Cologne, Germany
44 aircraft assigned to this mission: Completed Mission - 31. Aborted - 6. Landed In Allied Territory - 2. Ground Spare, Unused - 5 42-32106 Green, Loren L - Aborted due to personnel illness. 42-97309 Doran, William R - Aborted due to faulty prop governor. 42-97521 Fahr, John - Landed in Allied Territory High squadron. Soon after bombs away, this aircraft started to drop back from formation under control, and continued to drop back until out of sight; returned to base and resumed combat missions after seven weeks. 42-97592 Dudock, Edward P - PFF ship. Took over on bomb run after lead Gee-h equipment failed, but too late to bomb primary. Led squadron to attack secondary by PFF. 42-97824 Toler, Harold M - Relinquished lead to deputy on bomb run after Gee-H equipment failed. 42-97960 Smith, Jack M 43-37703 McKone, Joseph F - Aborted during formation assembly; landed at Waterbeach; reported an engine on fire. 43-37843 Brown, Bert O - Landed in Allied Territory Landed in allied territory due to battle damage and fuel shortage. 44-8409 Mumper, Benjamin R - Aborted due to oxygen regulator trouble 44-8430 Cepits, Francis F - Aborted; aircraft would not climb to altitude.
source: 384th Bomb Group web page http://384thBombGroup.com/
388BG Mission Report - All three Air Divisons attacked targets in the Cologne and Kassel areas. The 388th furnished one Group that flew low in the 45th B Combat wing. The 45th A led the Division. 12 a/c plus 1 PFF a/c were airborne by 0631 hours. Clouds made assembly difficult with 2 a/c aborting. Formations were finally effected and proceeded to the target area. The secondary target was attacked, which was the Henske Plant #2, in Group formation using PFF methods. Bombs were away at 1107 hours from 25,500 feet.
No enemy a/c were seen. Flak over the target was meager but the formation encountered accurate flak at Koblenz. Due to strong headwinds, seven of our a/c landed in Belgium because of gas shortage. All a/c but one returned to base within 24 hours. A/C #996, after landing in Belguim, made an emergency landing at Manston and the crew, which is safe, returned to base without their plane.
Only 4 a/c returned to base by 1511 hours.
source: 388th Bomb Group web page http://www.388bg.info
44BG Mission Report - 26 aircraft (8 being 67th's), 2 G-H and 3 PFFs were dispatched to lead the 14th Combat Wing, second wing in the Division, to the Chemical Works at Leverkusen. And the 67th pilot, Lt. Bakalo was flying our Group lead. Bombing was accomplished on Gee-H and results were unobserved. 10 aircraft and one PFF did not attack the target due to equipment failure in the PFF which led the high high right squadron. One of these aircraft ran into mechanical trouble and left the formation, heading for Brussels. Due to poor visibility, he missed the field, and running short of fuel, he salvoed, his bombs. The resulting blast blew out the windows in the aircraft and damaged the elevators - no elevator controls. #3 engine began burning and #2 began smoking. Used throttles to maneuver nose up and down. Had rudders and ailerons. Went into grassy meadow NE of Brussels (25 to 30 miles)(Hentje/ Westerloo) and nose wheel collapsed, but main gear held up. It split the ship apart, shoved dash board back, and minor crew bruises and cuts from flying plexiglass. A/C completely wiped out. Note: Difficulty in identifying A/C #. 66th Squadron's ship and they recorded as #51234 L+. Tom Brittan, F.O.T.E. has it as #42-50526, and reconciliation still goes on. (#123 T ??) On the return Lt. Bakalo's aircraft, while in a cloud bank, evidently hit the prop wash from other aircraft ahead. They were in a large cloud bank or front that had built up to 28,000 feet and could not go over. They were at 24,000 feet and proceeded to go through it. After hitting the prop wash the engines were throttled back and then it felt like a huge force was lifting the right wing. The plane went into a sharp bank to the left. Col. Turnbull, Command Pilot, said, "Center the needle" - twice. The aircraft then flipped over on its back. Sgt. George Encimer, RW gunner, said, "In looking up I saw the escape hatch and the next thing I remember I was outside the ship. S/Sgt. Cecil L. Scott, left waist gunner, landed approximately 25 to 30 feet from me, but his chute hung up in a tree. We landed approximately seven miles from Ghent, Belgium." 67th A/C #41-28944 D "Flying Ginny" First eight men KIA Bakalo, Michael 1st Lt. Pilot New York City, N.Y. Herman, Bernard L. 2nd Lt. Co-pilot Baltimore, Maryland Bradshaw, Eugene T. 1st Lt. Navigator Warrensburg, Mo. Fowls, Ralph A. 1st Lt. Bombardier Piketon, Ohio Turnbull, John I. Lt. Col. Command P. Baltimore, My.(HQ) Holabaugh, John W. T/Sgt. Engineer Tylersburg, PA. Stern, Jerone J. T/Sgt. Radio Oper. Brooklyn, N.Y. Lopez, Charles R. S/Sgt. Tail Tur. Topeka, Kansas Ziegler, Norbert J. S/Sgt. Nose Tur. Collyer, Kansas Scott, Cecil L. S/Sgt. LW Gunner Winnemucca, Nevada Encimer, George J. S/Sgt. RW Gunner Chicago, Illinois Both of these men seriously injured and were returned to the USA for treatment. The loss of this aircraft broke the string of 89 consecutive missions without an operational loss. This is believed to be a record in the 8th Air Force. In addition to this 67th airplane and crew, the 68th Squadron lost two aircraft of their own, from unknown causes at that time. 68th A/C #42-50381 D piloted by 1st Lt. J.H. Dayball 10 KIA 68th A/C #42-50596 0 piloted by 1st Lt. E.C. Lehrihausen 10 KIA No eye witnesses from the Group saw these two aircraft go down. However on the route out, near the coast, the severe front building up to 28,000 feet caused the Group to break its integrity, all planes for themselves. B-58 Station information is that these two ships crashed at 1307 and then burned. M.A.C.R. says that the losses were due to a collision in that electrical storm. No survivors from either crew with which to establish cause. 1st Lt. Atkinson promoted to Capt. effective 16th October. S/Sgt. L.C. Allen also adds these comments: "What a rat race! We formed above 20,000 feet and didn't let down till leaving the coast. Planes really strung out to I.P. Moderate flak at target and over Rhine, but no holes. Don't know what we bombed. Bomb load 6 x 500 GPs and 6 x 500 M17s dropped from altitude of 23, 000 feet. P-51 escort, temperature -35 Centigrade. A seven hour flight in U"(539?)
source: 44th Bomb Group web page http://www.8thairforce.com/44thbg
Aircraft: P-47D (#44-19883). Organization: 62FS / 56FG of Boxted, Essex. Pilot: Butiste, Leo F. Notes: landing accident. Location: Boxted, Essex England. Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3 source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51B7 (#43-6557). Organization: 335FS / 4FG of Debden, Essex. Pilot: Stallings, Robert L. Notes: taxiing accident. Location: Debden, Essex England. Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3 source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51D (#44-13838). Organization: 77FS / 20FG of Kings Cliffe, Northamptonshire. Pilot: Adams, Louis W Jr. Notes: bailed out due to fire. Location: White House F,1/2mi SW England. Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5 source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51D (#44-13859). Organization: 55FS / 20FG of Kings Cliffe, Northamptonshire. Pilot: Mullins, Walter (NMI). Notes: killed in a crash. Location: Wash/1mi E Skegness England. Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5 source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51D10 (#44-14678). Organization: 375FS / 361FG of Little Walden, Essex. Pilot: Street, William H. Notes: landing accident. Location: Little Walden, Essex England. Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3 source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Mission "8th AF 682" Attacks on Kassel, Cologne, Leverkusen October 18, 1944
Primary source for mission statistics: Mighty Eighth War Diary by Roger A. Freeman
Enemy Aircraft X-P-D
Enemy Aircraft (on gnd) X-P-D
USAAF Aircraft X-E-D
USAAF Personnel KIA-WIA-MIA
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