Narrative - Official Air Force Mission Description
Mission 468: 131 B-24s, escorted by by 144 Royal Air Force (RAF) Spitfires, are dispatched to bomb 10 CROSSBOW (V-weapon) sites in the Rouen area but abort because of a thick blanket of low cloud over the target area; no losses.
Mission 469: 1,271 bombers and 803 fighters are dispatched to bomb Munich, Germany; 1,124 bombers bomb the city of Munich, 16 hit Enstingen and 10 hit targets of opportunity; 24 bombers are lost, 4 are damaged beyond repair and 297 are damaged; 2 airmen are KIA, 7 WIA and 216 MIA. Escort is provided by 717 P-38s, P-47s and P-51s; 1 P-38 is damaged beyond repair (pilot is WIA).
Mission 470: During the night, 6 of 6 B-17s drop leaflets in France.
Source: THE ARMY AIR FORCES IN WORLD WAR II: COMBAT CHRONOLOGY, 1941-1945 by Carter / Mueller, the Office of Air Force History,
303BG Mission Report -Target: City area, Munich, Germany. Crews Dispatched: 40 (358BS - 10, 359th - 10, 360th - 10, 427th - 10). Length of Mission: 9 hours, 22 minutes. Bomb Load: 4 x 500 lb G.P. M43 & 6 x 500 M17 Incendiary bombs. Bombing Altitudes: Group A - 27,100 ft; Group B - 25,900 ft. Ammo Fired: 0 rounds.
Munich, Germany was again the target and forty 303rd BG(H) aircraft took off to attack military installations for the second day in a row. In the event of visual bombing, the aero-engine works at Allach, near Munich, were to be bombed. The last resort was any military objective positively identified as being in Germany. The Group flew as the high Group in 41st CBW-A and 41st CBW-B formations. One aircraft returned early.
Weather over the Continent was 10/10 cloud cover and bombing was accomplished by using signals from the PFF aircraft. Thirty- nine B-17s dropped 156 500-lb. G.P. M43 and 243 500-lb. M17 incendiary clusters from 27,100 and 25,900 feet. Results were unobserved, but it was believed that the bombs hit well within the city. One crew saw fires in the city and black smoke up to 18,000 feet south of Munich.
Crews did not report any enemy aircraft, but thought that the friendly fighter support was excellent. Moderate to intense and accurate anti-aircraft gunfire was sustained at the target. Chaff appeared to have been quite effective. No B-17s were damaged and there were no casualties. All aircraft returned safely to Molesworth.
source: 306th Bombardment Group website www.306bg.org/
34th BG Mission Report - Mission #34 Bois de Grande Marche, Berireville, St. Oun. Command Pilot: FANDEL. 26 planes were dispatched and one aborted. Adverse weather forced the bombers to return to base with their bombs. 25 Credit Sorties.
source: 34th Bomb Group Mission List compiled by Gary L. Ferrell http://valortovictory.tripod.com
351BG Mission Report - 35 aircraft were sent on this mission.
42-38028 Lt. S. F. Irwin - Shot down by flak. POW 4, KIA 5.
source: 351st Bomb Group web page http://www.351st.org/ken.harbour
42 aircraft assigned to this mission: Completed Mission - 31. Failed To Return - 1. Aborted - 4. Scrubbed - 1. Spare, Returned As Briefed - 1. Ground Spare, Unused - 4 42-38208 Hale, Charles E - aborted due to failure of three generators; BL ret. 42-97271 Heim, Gerard Anthony - turned back due to failure of #2 engine w 4x500GP and 6 M17 IB to base 42-97273 Rosborough, James Edward - Failed to Return LGrp; MIA; at 1325 immed after bombs away 4 parachutes appeared from plane which exploded a few thousand ft below the formation; flak, cr Munich; MACR 7568 42-97309 McGee, Leonard V - Mechanical abort 42-97320 Maggart, Richard L - Mechanical abort; turned back due to #3 prop becoming uncontrollable; ret 4x500GP and 6 M17 to base 44-6105 Mount, Dick Wilson - Landed away at Knettishall due to heavy battle damage; bombed target; all crew safe
source: 384th Bomb Group web page http://384thBombGroup.com/
388BG Mission Report - For the second day in a row, the 388th was to hit targets in the Munich area.
The 3rd Air Division led the 8th Air force over Munich followed by the 1st and 2nd Air Divisions. The 388th was lead and low of the 45th Combat Wing.
17 a/c plus 2 PFF a/c for the A Group and 20 a/c of the B Group were airborne between 0820 and 0850 hours. 1 a/c of the A Group and 3 a/c of the B Group aborted for mechanical reasons.
Formations were effected and the briefed route to the target was followed.
10/10th cloud coverage up to 12,000 feet prevailed over the entire route. Munich was attacked in Wing formation using PFF methods. Bombs were away at 1310 hours from 25,300 feet. Flak over the target was intense but inaccurate. Meager flak was encountered at Brussels. S/Sgt. J. Payne was wounded by this flak at Brussels on the return route.
All of our a/c returned to base by 1755 hours.
source: 388th Bomb Group web page http://www.388bg.info
source: 398th Bomb Group web page http://www.398th.org/
401BG / 613BS Mission Report - In addition to flying Low Squadron in the Lead Box, the 613th furnished 5 aircraft in the Low Box. Weather again caused bombing to be done by PFF technique and the results were undetermined. Meager to moderate flak, generally inaccurate, was observed along the route and no enemy opposition was encountered. Crews:- Hanson, Jetter, McKeon, Lockhart, Irwin, Lippert, Hammond, Kuta, Thomason, Lemmons.
source: 613th Bombardment Squadron History
401BG / 612BS Mission Report - A return to Munich on 12th July was the Group's effort for it's 108th mission. The same route was flown by our 36 aircraft which furnished the Lead and the Low Boxes in the 94th "A" CBW. The trip was over 10/10's cloud with good fighter support all the way in and all the way out. Flak was again encountered at the target and although it was moderate to intense the accuracy was off and only two of our aircraft sustained minor damage. PFF methods were again used for bombing and no definite results are known as yet. This trip found bombing on the City of Munich because the clouds again obscured the visual target, an aircraft engine factory. 1,200 Fortresses and Liberators comprised this attack raising the total tonnage dropped to u~re than 6,000 tons within 24 hours.
source: 612th Bombardment Squadron History
401BG / 614BS Mission Report - For the second day running the 8th Air Force tried to carry out a visual attack on Munich - and again found the City completely blotted out by cloud. The 401st again supplied 36 aircraft under the leadership of Major D.E. Silver to form the Lead and Low Boxes of the 94th "A" CBW. The bombing was carried out by PFF methods so no observations were possible, but about 1,100 bombers emptied their bombs on the City bringing the total tonnage dropped in the two days to 6,000 tons.The flak over the target was intense but obviously not pointed at the 401st because only two aircraft received battle damage. Crews: 42-97602 La Fevor, 42-97872 Rozzell, 42-97780 Kenney, 42-97478 Lipka, 42-31369 Kovach, 42-97145 Lerwick, 42-107084 Fisette, 42-97395 Koons.
source: 614th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
401BG / 615BS Mission Report - The two PFF ships for the day's mission landed from Polebrook the previous evening and were Serial No.'s 600 and 601. Briefing for the 36 crews taking part on this second consecutive trip to Munich was at 0530 hrs. The weather ship, IY-P, was away by 0755 hrs with 35 B-17's becoming airborne by 0941 hrs, No. 36, and last ship, taking off at 0957 hrs. The 401st Group furnished the Lead and Low Boxes of 18 aircraft each, including two PFF aircraft for the 94th CBW which attacked Munich again. Due to 10/10th's undercast, bombing was carried out by the PFF method. No enemy aircraft were seen or encountered. Meagre to moderate flak, generally inaccurate, was observed along the route. Moderate to intense flak was encountered over the target area. Fighter support was good. Major "Hi Ho" Silver led the 401st Box in a 615th aircraft piloted by Lt. C.J. Parr, the 615th flying as the Lead Squadron. The 615th crews flying this mission were: Ossiander, Heenan, McIlraith, Haskett, W.J. Mann, Parr.
source: 615th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
44BG Mission Report - As the Primary target was not hit yesterday, it was back to Munich again today. 7 PFFs (2 with the 44th) and 34 others from the 67th, 68th, and 506th took off at 0900. The other 5 PFFs flew leads for the 93rd, 448th, 446th and 392nd. Again, Captain Ugarte was the 44th lead. Thirteen of the 67th aircraft made up the second section which was led by Lt. Ward. Moderate inaccurate barrage type flak was encountered in the target area, but there were no enemy aircraft attacks on the formation. Later, reports from higher headquarters indicated the target, the Marshalling Yards, was hit with very excellent results, thereby alleviating many doubts that had been cropping up about the value of the use of PFF equipment on non-visual bombing runs. Only 12 of the 67th planes were credited sorties as Lt. Hyland was forced to turn back due to an oxygen failure. Major Lehnhausen was the Command Pilot with Capt. Ugarte and lead of the 44th. Lt. H.C. Henry of the 67th participated and his bombardier, Lt. Jones recorded this information: We are to fly deputy lead in our ship Myrtle Q, our load is 6 x 500 GPs and 4 x 500 lb clusters of incendiaries. Just as we hit the coast two from our formation turned back. Our #4 engine started losing oil but we decided to go on. Cloud cover almost 10/10th - Lee passed out from back of oxygen. I got him to come to, but he was no good the rest of the mission. I did navigation to the best of my knowledge - could see the ground occasionally. Dropped on the PFF ship over the center of Munich. Flak light on us, but heavy on the squadrons behind us. We were briefed that they had 192 guns in the area. Chaff worked good and most of the firing was low on us. We led the whole 8th Air Force on this one. We were at 24,500 feet most of the time. Then, just as we started our instrument let-down, our #4 engine had to be feathered - out of oil. We let down through the overcast firing red-red flares, cut in on the traffic pattern and landed after 9-21 hours. We had lost 32 gallons of oil per Sgt. Curtin."
source: 44th Bomb Group web page http://www.8thairforce.com/44thbg
446th Bomb Group Mission Report Munich
A return trip saw more heavy clouds and intense flak. Guess Whos Here (42-52598) was shot down, killing the pilot. The remaining 9 were taken prisoner, with one of them not surviving a long, forced march later in the war. An RAF Short Stirling crash landed at the base.
source: 492 Bomb Group Mission Links http://www.492ndbombgroup.com
91st BG / 323nd BS Mission Report - The same target was attacked on the 12th; except the objectives were more specific. It was in the area measured in yards, 3000 x 5000. Bombs were dropped by PFF as on the day before due to overcast. Nine 323rd ships took part. All returned safely, without injuries to ships or personnel.
Ship #7234 aborted as formation was beginning to climb. No. 2 engine began showing signs of excessive roughness. In a short time the engine began to throw oil from underneath the cowl flaps. Pilot continued operation of the engine for about one and a half minutes at which time the condition became apparently worse. The engine was feathered. Power setting at time of failure, 37 inches 2300 RPM. In view of the gross weight at time of difficulty and the expected depth of penetration, the pilot's opinion was that the ship would not be able to maintain formation for the extended length of time a, and returned to base. Bombs were brought back. It was found that No. 2 engine failed internally. There were metal chips on cuno and the oil was coming out of the breathers in excessive quantity.
91st BG / 324th BS Mission Report - Target: Munich Industrial area. Bombing was done on PFF equipment through 10/10ths under cast. Mickey operator reported that excellent results were expected as the equipment was working perfectly. No enemy fighters appeared and flak was generally ineffective.