Narrative - Official Air Force Mission Description
Mission 476: 1,087 bombers and 712 fighters are dispatched to hit targets in Germany; 11 bombers and 3 fighters are lost:
1. Of 407 B-17s, 213 hit an aircraft engine plant at Munich, 54 hit Augsburg, 52 hit Stuttgart and 50 hit 2 targets of opportunity; they claim 2-3-2 Luftwaffe aircraft; 10 B-17s are lost, 2 damaged beyond repair and 112 damaged; 2 airmen are KIA, 7 WIA and 81 MIA. Escort is provided by 240 P-38s, P-47s and P-51s; 1 P-51 is lost (pilot is MIA).
2. Of 238 B-17s, 206 hit Stuttgart and 2 hit a target of opportunity; 1 B-17 is lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and 45 damaged; 1 airman is WIA and 10 MIA. Escort is provided by 214 P-38s, P-47s and P-51s; 1 P-51 is lost (pilot is MIA).
3. 407 of 442 B-24s hit the marshaling yards at Saarbrucken; 2 B-24s are damaged beyond repair and 45 damaged; 1 airman is KIA and 3 WIA. Escort is provided by 169 P-38s and P-47s; 1 P-38 is lost and 1 damaged beyond repair. Mission 477: 5 of 5 B-17s drop leaflets in France during the night.
24 B-24s fly CARPETBAGGER missions during the night.
Source: THE ARMY AIR FORCES IN WORLD WAR II: COMBAT CHRONOLOGY, 1941-1945 by Carter / Mueller, the Office of Air Force History,
303BG Mission Report - Target: City area, Munich, Germany. Crews Dispatched: 20 (358BS - 10, 359th - 10, 360th - 0, 427th - 0). Length of Mission: 8 hours, 45 minutes. Bomb Load: 10 x 500 lb G.P. M43 bombs. Bombing Altitude: 27,700 ft. Ammo Fired: 0 rounds.
Munich was beginning to be an old story to combat crews as 303rd BG(H) bombers continued in their fourth July attack on Munich. The twenty B-17s that took off flew in the low Group position of 41st CBW. Capt. William E. Eisenhart, 359BS, led the 303rd BG(H) formation. One aircraft returned early: #42-38050 Thunderbird, 359BS (Lt. Jenkins), sustained a No. 4 supercharger waste gate failure. The remaining 19 Fortresses dropped 190 500-lb. G.P. M43 bombs from 27,700 feet. PFF bombing was used due to 10/10 undercast.
There were no enemy aircraft observed. Fighter support was reported as good. A few crews stated that it was spotty immediately after the target – but only for 30 to 35 minutes. Flak over the target was intense and accurate. Meager but accurate flak was encountered at Ghent and observed at several other points. Crews reported that chaff had only slightly beneficial effect. Two aircraft sustained major and seven, minor damage.
Fortress #42-97284 (No Name), 359BS, piloted by 1Lt. Walter J. Carney, was badly damaged over Munich. He was able to fly his aircraft to a friendly airfield in Italy. Following his return, Lt. Carney received commendation letters from Lt. Gens. Carl Spaatz and James H. Doolittle and Maj. Gen. Robert B. Williams (CG IBD) for a job well done by a combat pilot.
23 aircraft assigned to this mission: Completed Mission - 18. Failed To Return - 1. Spare, Returned As Briefed - 1. Ground Spare, Unused - 3. 42-97309 Young, Daniel M - Landed away Woodbridge due to b/d and wounded aboard 42-97320 Melzar, Raymond Augustus - Landed away Mendenhall due to fuel exhaustion 42-97367 Mulvehill, Edmund W - c/l at Woodbridge due to battle damage; sal 7/18/44; 42-107064 Coleman, Lee B - Failed to Return - MIA; bombed target; flak cr Neuried; MACR 7553
source: 384th Bomb Group web page http://384thBombGroup.com/
388BG Mission Report - The 388th furnished two Groups to fly lead and low in the 45th A Combat Wing Formation.
18 a/c plus 2 PFF a/c of the A Group and 16 a/c of the B Group were airborne between 0515 and 0540 hours. 1 a/c of the A Group aborted for mechanical reasons and 1 returned as a spare.
Formations were effected and the briefed route to the target was followed. At the IP, the formation encountered a front up to 30,000 feet and was forced to make a left turn and select another target. Stuttgart was attacked through 10/ 10th clouds by PFF methods. Bombs were away at 1015 hours from 24,100 feet.
Flak over the target was moderate to intense and fairly accurate. Meager flak was encountered at Brussels and Ludwig-shaven.
All a/c returned to base by 1356 hours.
source: 388th Bomb Group web page http://www.388bg.info
source: 398th Bomb Group web page http://www.398th.org/
401BG / 613BS Mission Report - The 613th flew Lead and High in the "B" Wing. Lt. John J. Connolly, Wing Leader, did an excellent job of leading, avoiding all flak on the way in. Because of weather and the possibility of collision a target of opportunity at Stuttgart was selected and bombs dropped. Results were unobserved. No enemy aircraft were observed and all aircraft returned to base.
source: 613th Bombardment Squadron History
401BG / 612BS Mission Report - The 401st was assigned the airplane engine factory target at Munich again on July 16th. PFF primary was again to be the City of Munich. The 401st was to furnish two 18 aircraft High Boxes, one for the 94th "A" CBW and one for the 94th "B" CBW. However, due to heavy clouds at altitude and dense persistent contrails, both boxes did not bomb Munich. The A box did bomb by PFF means with unobserved results but the 94th "B" box had to turn before reaching the target due to bad weather and danger of collisions and went on to bomb Stuttgart by PFP methods. No bomb results were observed. Enemy opposition was in the form of flak only being met both at Munich and Stuttgart. It was moderate to intense in amount and mostly fair in accuracy. This accounted for three aircraft sustain- ing minor damage and possibly for the loss of one 615th crew which was observed to go down under control. No enemy fighters were seen and friendly escort was plentiful. The 612th furnished eight crews for the mission and all returned safely with the exception of Lt. Dobrow and Lt. Abraham, bombardier and navigator respectively of Lt. McCord's crew. These two officers died of anoxia about 30 minutes after target.
source: 612th Bombardment Squadron History
401BG / 614BS Mission Report - The 401st furnished two 18 aircraft Boxes for the mission, one for the 94th "A" CBW and one for the 94th "B" CBW. The target was Munich but due to heavy clouds at altitude and dense and persistent contrails both Boxes did not bomb Munich. The 94th "A" formation did bomb by PFF with unobserved results while the 94th "B" formation had to turn away before reaching the target due to very bad weather and the danger of collisions and went on to bomb Stuttgart by PFF, again with no results being observed. Flak was met at Stuttgart and Munich causing battle damage to a few aircraft. Crews: 42-39012 Lincoln, 42-97395 Risher, 42-107151 Kenney, 42-97602 La Fevor, 42-97872 Rozzell, 42-107084 Fisette, 42-97478 Lipka, 42-97869 Carroll, 42-31863 Taylor.
source: 614th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
401BG / 615BS Mission Report - Briefing was again very early, taking place for 36 crews at 0230 hrs. All 36 aircraft became airborne within 34 minutes, the final one being airborne at 0600 hrs. This was the 4th consecutive mission to Munich, with the 401st furnishing two 18 aircraft High Boxes - one for the 94th "A" CBW and one for the 94th "B" CBW. The primary target was overcast and the 94th "A" CBW bombed by PFF means. The 94th "B" CBW bombed Stuttgart, also by PFF means. No enemy aircraft were encountered. Moderate to intense flak, generally accurate, was met at the target area. The fighter support was very good. The 615th lost an aircraft, IY-P, Serial No. 42-97982, piloted by Lt. W.E. Johnson. Other crews reported that Lt. Johnson's aircraft apparently developed engine trouble due to flak and left the formation losing altitude, but later reports established that the aircraft was in the vicinity of the I.P. with fighter escort. The 615th loading list was as follows: Wingard, Heenan, McIlraith, Johnson (MIA), Dow, WJ Mann.
source: 615th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
44BG Mission Report - 42 aircraft departed this base at 0530 hours on an operational mission once again to Saarbrucken. 7 PFFS, 12 each by the 67th and 506th and 11 from the 68th. The 67th had 11 aircraft reach the objective, the bomb run was PFF and the results were unobserved due to the cloud cover, but believed good. The 66th again had leads of the 492nd, 446th, 448th, and 93rd. Lt. Gunton led the 3rd section which was made up of 67th aircraft. Lt. Duwe was forced to turn back due to a runaway prop on #4 engine". Sortie credit was allowed since he was engaged in flak. All returned safely. There was a Station Defense All-Out Alert at 1100 hours. The Squadron (67th) received notice that M/Sgt. Illick and Horvath are to return to the Zone of Interior. Three enlisted men transferred to the 66th Squadron - Sgts. Moore, Mercuriadis. and Brandford.
source: 44th Bomb Group web page http://www.8thairforce.com/44thbg
446th Bomb Group Mission Report Saarbrucken
39 planes dropped 468 500 pounders through cloud cover.
source: 446th Bomb Group www.446bg.com
447BG Mission Report - Briefing was at 0330 hours. Munich was again the target. Weapons were 500 lb. GP bombs and take off started at 0550 hours. The bombing altitude of 25,000 feet was reached as the Group crossed the Dutch coast at the mouth of the Rhine River. The inbound trip was uneventful but newly organized Scouting Forces relayed that the target was cloud covered. The decision was made to attack the secondary target, Stuttgart. Flak was heavy but there were no losses. Lt. Barrett bombed Heilsbron and Lt. Helms bombed Lunneville as targets of opportunity. This was the first mission for the Scouting Forces which were P-51s flown by former lead bombers.
source: 447 Bomb Group Association http://www.447bg.com
source: 492 Bomb Group Mission Links http://www.492ndbombgroup.com
91st BG / 323nd BS Mission Report - The center of the factory area in Munich, Germany, was bombed. This was done by means of PFF so results were unobserved. Ten ships participated. All ships and crews returned safely. There was one abortive: Ship #1579. Ball Turret gunner complained of extreme pain and paralysis on right side of the face immediately upon reach 16,000 ft. altitude. Pilot examined him and found right side of face swelling. He stayed with formation for another hour. Condition of ball turret gunner became worse, so the ship returned to base.
91st BG / 322nd BS Mission Report - Munich (Augsburg). The assigned target for PFF bombing was the center of the city of Munich. Due to difficulty with Pathfinder equipment in the lead ship just before the I.P. the deputy leader took over, and it is believed that Augsburg was bombed although the observations were unknown due to 10/10 undercast. Lt. Walby turned back over North Sea and landed at Grafton Underwood due to insufficient fuel to complete mission. Lt. DeLisle's waist gunner, Sgt. Horace W. Kingsley, was wounded in the knee by a flak burst which also damaged bomb bay mechanism.
91st BG / 324th BS Mission Report - Target: Briefed on Eng. Factory at Allach. Returning crews reported that they had bombed Munich on PFF equipment with unobserved results, but the Group Navigator believes Augsburg was attacked. A/C #610 ditched 25 miles off English coast due to battle damage causing gasoline failure ( 1 man wounded ), all safe after being picked up by air sea rescue. A/C #540 lost one bomb on take off without incident. No E/C reported. A/A fire was moderate and inaccurate. Weather forced our A/C to bomb from above 27,000 ft..