Narrative - Official Air Force Mission Description
Mission 590: 107 of 159 B-17s and 108 of 145 B-24s dispatched hit 8 V-weapon sites in the Pas de Calais area of France; one wing uses GH and H2X methods; 22 bombers are damaged. Escort is provided by 16 of 16 P-51s without loss.
Mission 591: Later in the day, 637 B-17s are dispatched to bomb the U-boat base and shipyards at Kiel (282), and aircraft plant and other industry in the Bremen area (327); 4 others hit targets of opportunity; 1 B-17 is damaged beyond repair and 136 damaged. Escort is provided by 258 of 294 P-51s without loss.
Mission 592: 6 of 6 B-17s drop leaflets in France and Belgium during the night.
Source: THE ARMY AIR FORCES IN WORLD WAR II: COMBAT CHRONOLOGY, 1941-1945 by Carter / Mueller, the Office of Air Force History,
303BG Mission Report - Target: "No Ball" V-1 Launching Sites in the Pas de Calais Area Cauche D'Ecques, France. Crews Dispatched: 39 (358BS - 4, 359th - 5, 360th - 6, 427th - 4). Length of Mission: 4 hours, 15 minutes. Bomb Load: 20 x 250 lb G.P. M57 bombs. Bombing Altitudes: 25,200 & 25,100 ft. Ammo Fired: 0 rounds.
Very bad weather hindered both take-off and assembly, and the lead and low Groups were never properly formed. No aircraft returned early.
Nineteen B-17s dropped 372 250-lb. G.P. M57 bombs from 25,200 and 25,100 ft. by means of special navigational aids. GEE-H and H2X were both used. Results were unobserved due to the 10/10 undercast over the target. Nine aircraft failed to bomb because of weather conditions and eleven were unable to bomb because the special navigational equipment was out on the lead Fortress.
No anti-aircraft fire and no enemy aircraft were encountered. No aircraft sustained battle damage and there were no casualties. No friendly fighter support was seen due to the poor weather conditions.
source: 306th Bombardment Group website www.306bg.org/
351BG Mission Report - 34 aircraft were sent on this mission.
source: 351st Bomb Group web page http://www.351st.org/ken.harbour
384BG Mission Report - 384th BG Mission Number 186. The 384th Bomb Group (H) dispatched 37 aircraft to form the lead group of the 41st "A" CBW. The primary target, "NOBALL" installations (V-1 launch sites), was attacked by all aircraft, except as noted. Primary Target: NOBALL (V-1 Launch Site) - CROSSBOW (V-Weapons) Crepieul, France. Target Attacked : Primary (Gee-H)
46 aircraft assigned to this mission: Completed Mission - 38. Aborted - 1. Scrubbed - 3. Returned To Base - 2. Ground Spare, Unused - 2 42-107057 Cepits, Francis F - Aborted; #1 engine failed. 42-107148 Durdin, Larkin C - Wing Deputy; hot camera ship. Did not attack target due to frozen bomb racks.
source: 384th Bomb Group web page http://384thBombGroup.com/
388BG Mission Report - For this mission, the 388th furnished 24 a/c and none aborted. The A Group a/c took-off between 1210 and 1220 hours using the new type of assembly procedure. That is,the two lead planes taking off five minutes before the main Group. An instrument assembly was made to 15,000 feet. At 1349 hours with the 388th A Group leading the 45th "A" Combat Wing, departed on course. The 388th B Group was the low Group and the 96th "A" Group was flying high. Climbing to bombing altitude over the North Sea, the formation crossed the enemy coast at 1527 hours at 25,900 feet. The route then to the target was without incident. The primary Target was bombed using PFF methods. The formation departed the enemy coast at 1642 hours at 22,800 feet.
Flak over the target was heavy but inaccurate. Our escort fighter support was excellent and no enemy a/c were seen. All of our a/c returned to base by 1930 hours.
source: 388th Bomb Group web page http://www.388bg.info
source: 398th Bomb Group web page http://www.398th.org/
401BG / 613BS Mission Report - A "NOBALL" at Coubronne, France was the target, one of the remaining sites still launching flying bombs. Lt. Fowler was leader of the Low Box in which six 613th aircraft flew, another flying with the Lead Box. Weather was 9/10ths to 10/10ths with clouds solid between 21,000 to 26,000 ft. The Lead of the High Box dropped on a good Gee-H fix but clouds prevented the other aircraft in the Box from dropping on him although three aircraft did drop on their own Gee-H fixes. Crews: Coleman, Etters, Lippert, Nelson, Baker, Kuta, Budd, Hanson, Thomason.
source: 613th Bombardment Squadron History
401BG / 612BS Mission Report - August 30th found the Group scheduled for its 137th and last mission of the month of August. Three boxes of 12 aircraft each comprising the only 94th CBW were dispatched to attack the rocket bomb installations at Coubronne, France. This mission was planned for the specialized GH type of bombing in case clouds obscured the target. Extreme difficulty was encountered after penetration in enemy territory due to the very bad weather conditions with clouds up to and above the briefed bombing altitude. The CBW leader made an effort to get below the clouds to bomb but the clouds were so omnipresent that at no time could all the formation remain intact. In fact aircraft within the same box became lost. Only the leader of the High Box dropped his bombs on the GH method and due to poor visibility only three others of his box dropped with him. All other aircraft returned to base with their bomb loads. No bomb results could be observed.
source: 612th Bombardment Squadron History
401BG / 614BS Mission Report - This was the last mission of the month and the target was a V-1 site at Coubronne, France. The 36 aircraft were led by Lt. Col. Vorhees with 2nd Lt. W.C. Koran a 41st Wing PFF navigator joining the crew of Capt. J.A. Gruman in the Lead aircraft of the Wing. This was a Gee-H mission with one of this type of aircraft leading each Box of twelve aircraft. The weather was so bad that it was extremely difficult to locate any target and very few of the aircraft succeeded in releasing their bombs. Even when the High Box released it's bombs only three other aircraft in the formation dropped with him. Despite the bad weather, and the fact that 941 bombers and 310 fighters were operating over Germany and France in daylight, not one aircraft was lost this day, which must have been some sort of record. Crews: 42-107151 Mercer, PFF 777 Gruman, 42-97145 Utter, 42-102659 Kovach, 42-31863 Mays, 42-97869 Crozier, 42-97395 Koons, 43-38236 Hayes, 42-97602 Sisson.
source: 614th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
401BG / 615BS Mission Report - Just before midnight Gee-H ships '016 and '743 landed from Grafton Underwood. Just after midnight the third of the Gee-H ships to lead the day's mission, '777, landed from Kimbolton. At 0530 hrs the 36 crews were briefed for the mission and all aircraft were airborne by 0836 hrs. The field was declared RED a few minutes later and the weather ship was told to land at Ridgewell or Manston. The target was a V-1 launching site that was to be attacked by Gee-H and H2X methods. The three Boxes of 12 aircraft got into extreme difficulties after penetrating enemy territory due to very bad weather conditions with clouds up to and above the briefed bombing altitude. The CBW Leader made an effort to get below the clouds to bomb but the clouds so omnipresent that the formation began to break up and lose contact with each other. Only the Leader of the High Box dropped his bombs on the Gee-H method and due to the poor visibility only three other aircraft of his Box dropped with him. Most aircraft returned to base with their bombs. The Wing was led by Lt. Col. B.K. Voohees flying with Lt. W.M. The nine 615th crews on this mission were: Heenan, Callaway, Cooper, Wingard, Oas Jr., Dow, Haskett, Sullivan, Konze.
source: 615th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
44BG Mission Report - A small formation of 44th ships - 10 aircraft plus the PFF lead by Capt. Earleywine and Deputy lead by Lt. Smith - attacked Haute Maisnil, France, a Military Installation. The target was bombed via PFF and with unobserved results. Meager inaccurate flak was the only resistance encountered and our losses were nil. Fighter support was not observed but contact was made. In addition to the two PFFs with the Group, the 66th sent 1st Lt. Parks to lead the 491st, and 1st Lt. Henry in #629 to lead the 392nd. Lt. Henry did not bomb. Lt. Jones therefore adds: "We led our first mission today, a Gee H job. Target - a rocket site near Abbeville. Things were snafu and our number two station didn't send out a beam. Therefore, we had nothing to drop on. Lou Quinn flew his 30th mission behind us. H cracked up on landing, but no one was hurt." This was 42-50626. R "My Gal Sal" with the nose wheel collapsed.
source: 44th Bomb Group web page http://www.8thairforce.com/44thbg
source: 486th Bomb Group web page http://www.486th.org/
91st BG / 323nd BS Mission Report - Kiel, Germany, was bombed. Attack was made on the port area of that city. Bombing was done PFF and the results were unobserved. All ships returned to base. There were no injuries to personnel, but the ships were quite severely damaged by enemy flak. Especially was this true in the case of ship #7563. Its right wing was damaged to such an extent that only the skill and resourcefulness of the pilot and his crew, coupled with a lot of what is called good luck, enabled them and the ship to return to base.
91st BG / 322nd BS Mission Report - Kiel. The Krupp shipbuilding works at Kiel were bombed by instruments with unobserved results. Failure of pathfinder equipment at the I.P. in the lead ship of the group made it necessary for this wing to bomb on the smoke markers of the preceding Combat Wing. Capt. Suther flying with Lt. DeLisle led the combat wing. This squadron furnished 11 crews of the lead group. Three A/C of this Squadron received battle damage from flak at the target. One major and two minor.
91BG / 401BS Mission Report - On the 30th of August we dispatched one A/C and crew to attack Submarine and Shipbuilding Installations, by means of instruments, at Kiel, Germany. A/C 851 piloted by 1st Lt. G. E. Good flew on this mission. A/C returned Safely. Due to failure of PFF equipment bombs were dropped on smoke bombs of Group ahead. Flak was moderate and inaccurate. Group furnished C of 1st CBW.