Narrative - Official Air Force Mission Description
Mission 601: 393 of 404 B-17s make a visual attack on 16 gun batteries and defensive installations in the Brest, France area; 2 B-17s are lost and 13 damaged; 16 airmen are MIA. Escort is provided by 15 of 16 P-51s without loss. Bad weather cancels fighter-bomber mission by 50 P-38s against strongpoints in the Brest area.
345 B-17s are dispatched to bomb the Ludwigshafen/Opau synthetic oil plant in Germany (325); 1 hits a target of opportunity and 5 drop leaflets; 1 B-17 is lost and 103 damaged; 9 airmen are MIA. Escort is provided by 233 of 254 P-51s; they claim 7-0-1 aircraft; 1 P-51 is lost (pilot MIA) and 2 damaged.
125 of 127 P-47s strafe transportation targets in the Tilburg, the Netherlands, Namur, Belgium and Cologne, Germany areas; they claim 0-0-1 aircraft on the ground; 1 P-47 is lost (pilot MIA), 1 damaged beyond repair and 18 damaged; 1 pilot is WIA.
40 B-24s and 4 C-47s fly CARPETBAGGER missions during the night.
Source: THE ARMY AIR FORCES IN WORLD WAR II: COMBAT CHRONOLOGY, 1941-1945 by Carter / Mueller, the Office of Air Force History,
303BG Mission Report - Target: I.G. Farben Plant at Ludwigshafen, Germany. Crews Dispatched: 39 (358BS - 11, 359th - 10, 360th - 9, 427th - 9). Length of Mission: 8 hours, 20 minutes. Bomb Load: 4 x 1,000 lb G.P. M44 & 4 x G.P. M17 bombs. Bombing Altitudes: 26,600, 25,000 & 24,500 ft. Ammo Fired: 2,570 rounds.
The mission on 1 September was rescheduled for 3 September. There were no assigned secondary or last resort targets. One aircraft returned early, #42-31340 Miss Liberty, 360BS (Nafius) when the No. 1 engine oil line broke.
Thirty-six B-17s dropped 144 1,000-lb. G.P. M44 and 140-lb. G.P. M17 bombs from 26,600, 25,000 and 24,500 ft. Bombing was through 10/10 clouds by PFF and results were unobserved. Two aircraft failed to bomb: #43-38191 Shasta, 358BS (Riseden), the bomb bay door motor failed; #43-38057 (No Name) 427BS (Cureton), the pilot didn't notify the bombardier of the VHF radio drop signal.
A few enemy aircraft were seen, but there were no attacks on the 303rd BG(H) formations. Good escort support was provided by 254 P-51s. Moderate to intense, but inaccurate, flak was encountered over the target. Chaff had some beneficial effect. One B-17 suffered major and nine, minor battle damage. There were no casualties. Lt. Morgan, 359BS, landed on an emergency landing strip in France, all crewmen were safe.
source: 306th Bombardment Group website www.306bg.org/
384BG Mission Report - 384th BG Mission Number 187. Thirty-six aircraft of the 384th BG flew as the 41st CBW "C" Wing and all aircraft attacked the primary target, a chemical works at Ludwigshaven, Germany. All aircraft, in combat wing formation released their bombs at 250-foot intervals on the Wing PFF aircraft. Primary Target: Chemical Works - Ludwigshaven, Germany. Target Attacked : Primary (PFF)
43 aircraft assigned to this mission: Completed Mission - 36. Scrubbed - 1. Spare, Returned As Briefed - 3. Ground Spare, Unused - 3
source: 384th Bomb Group web page http://384thBombGroup.com/
388BG Mission Report - While the 1st and 2nd Air Divisions were sent to attack tar gets at Ludwigshaven and Karlsrule, the entire 3rd Air Division attacked gun emplacements at Brest. The 388th furnished the lead and high Group of the 45th C Combat Wing. Our 26 a/c were airborne between 0615 and 0632 hours and there were no abortions. Formations were effected and the briefed route to the target was followed. At the target area, cloud conditions were such that some Groups had to make more than one bomb run. Also, because of clouds at the briefed bombing altitude, 14,000 feet, our A Group dropped their bombs from 8,000 at 1052 hours on their second bomb run. The B Group dropped on the first run at 1015 hours from 9500 feet.
No enemy fighters or flak was encountered on this mission. All of our a/c returned to base by 1322 hours.
source: 388th Bomb Group web page http://www.388bg.info
source: 398th Bomb Group web page http://www.398th.org/
401BG / 613BS Mission Report - Nine aircraft from the 613th flew and were distributed between Lead, High and Low Boxes. Cloud cover at the target area was about 9/10 ths and bombing was by PFF in Wing formation. Results were unobserved but the PFF operators were satisfied with the run. H2X photographs indicated that our bombs had struck within the target area. Subsequent PRU coverage showed that a portion of the target had been hit. No enemy air opposition was encountered but the flak at the target was described as moderate to intense and accurate, twenty-four aircraft sustaining battle damage, five of which were in the major category. All aircraft returned to base. Crews from the 613th Squadron were: Etters, Lippert, Coleman, Lockhar, Locher.
source: 613th Bombardment Squadron History
401BG / 614BS Mission Report - This was a 1st Bomb Division attack on Ludswigshaven by PFF with Col. H.W. Bowman as Division Leader. Captain Wood was Lead Navigator, Lt. Fine,Mickey Operator and Captain Meadville, Lead Bo~bardier. The target was the I.G. Farbenindustrie A.G. Bombing was done by PFP amidst intense flak, twenty-five of the Group's 39 aircraft receiving battle damage. Crews: 42-97602 Kovach, 42-97145 Lerwick, 43-38236 Hayes, 42-97395 Koons, 42-31863 Utter, 42-97872 Bright, 42-107084 Crozier, 42-97478 Filemyr, 42-107151 Sisson, 43-38033 Mercer.
source: 614th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
401BG / 615BS Mission Report - 39 crews were briefed for this mission to Ludwigshaven at 0400 hrs with the weather ship, IY-A, Serial No. 42-31077, taking off at 0500 hrs. The operational ships were all airborne by 0729 hrs. The primary target for the 401st was the huge chemical industry of I.G. Farben. The Group furnished three 12 aircraft Boxes making up the 94th "A" CBW which led the 1st Bomb Division and was led by Colonel W.T. Bowman. PFF aircraft went along due to expected bad weather - and they were used. The target was covered by 9/10 to 10/10th's undercast but the bombardiers had one momentary visual check-point which greatly aided the bomb run and subsequent P.R.U. coverage showed that the G~P.'s hit the target. As expected, Ludwigshaven furnished the usual intense and accurate flak and 25 aircraft sustained battle damage, five of them major. The six 615th crews on the mission were: Wingard, Duckworth, Heenan, Oas Jr., Dow, Sullivan.
source: 615th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
401BG / 612BS Mission Report - The huge chemical industry of I.G. Farben was the assignment. The 401st was to furnish the 94th "A" C.B.W. composed of 36 aircraft and which also flew as 1st Bomb Division lead with the Group c.o. Col. RoW. Bowman as Air Commander. PFF aircraft were taken along due to expected bad weather. The 9/10ths to 10/10's cloudy undercast was and the bombing was accomplished by the PFF method. One momentary visual check-point aided greatly on the bomb run and subsequent P.R.U. coverage shows the G.P.s did hit the target. As usual Ludwigshaven furnished intense and accurate flak to the discomfort of the crews although no enemy fighter opposition was met. Twenty-five of the aircraft sustained battle damage but none were lost and no men sustained wounds. Ten of the 612th crews took part on this mission with the crew of Captain McCord's flying as High Box Leader with Lt. Joe Brown as Bombardier and Lt. Fishbeck as Navigator. Crew loadings are as follows. 42-97962 Loughlin, 43-37628 Burge, 42-39993 Gibson, 991 McCord, 43-37632 Hocking, 42-102957 Hill, 42-102398 Maxwell, 42-102393 Knost, 43-37790 Bonney, 42-106992 Burns.
source: 486th Bomb Group web page http://www.486th.org/
91st BG / 324th BS Mission Report - Target: Nickles dropped at ten different assigned cities: Karlsruhe, Saarbrucken, Neunkirchen, Hamburg, Mainz, Speyer, Mannheim, Frankenthal, Luxembourg, Trier. Five 324th A/C participated in today's mission, not as combat ships in the ordinary sense but as propaganda carriers. It was the first such assignment for the 91 Bomb Group. Our A/C had no difficulty in finding assigned units and proceeded to their targets without incident. Fighter support excellent, no E/A seen. Weather 10/10th caused dropping by PFF equipment.