Narrative - Official Air Force Mission Description
Mission 647: 1,306 bombers and 622 fighters are dispatched to attack marshaling yards in W Germany and the synthetic oil plant at Ludwigshafen bombed by PFF; 5 bombers and 3 fighters are lost:
1. 534 B-17s are dispatched to hit the Ludwigshafen/Opau oil plant and the marshaling yard at Ludwigshafen (400); 46 others hit targets of opportunity; 3 B-17s are lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and 86 damaged; 9 airmen are WIA. Escort is provided by 200 of 216 P-51s without loss.
2. 444 B-17s are dispatched to hit the Frankfurt industrial area (410); 2 others hit targets of opportunity; 2 B-17s are lost and 41 damaged; 18 airmen are MIA. Escort is provided by 210 P-38s and P-51s; 2 fighters are lost (pilots MIA) and 1 damaged.
3. 257 of 328 B-24s hit the Koblenz/Mosel and Koblenz/Rhein marshaling yards; 14 B-24s are damaged. Escort is provided by 157 P-38s, P-47s and P-51s; they claim 0-0-2 aircraft on the ground; 1 P-51 is lost (pilot MIA) and 2 damaged.
176 B-24s on a TRUCKIN mission fly fuel to France; 1 B-24 is lost.
Source: THE ARMY AIR FORCES IN WORLD WAR II: COMBAT CHRONOLOGY, 1941-1945 by Carter / Mueller, the Office of Air Force History,
34th BG Mission Report - Mission #67 Ludwigshaven. Command Pilot: FANDEL. 36 planes were dispatched. 35 planes dropped 102 tons on the primary target and one plane failed to bomb. 36 Credit Sorties.
source: 34th Bomb Group Mission List compiled by Gary L. Ferrell http://valortovictory.tripod.com
351BG Mission Report - 37 aircraft were sent on this mission.
source: 351st Bomb Group web page http://www.351st.org/ken.harbour
384BG Mission Report - 384th BG Mission Number 198. The 384th Bombardment Group (H) flew as the 41st CBW "B" Wing, and as the lead and high groups of the 41st CBW "C" Wing. In all, 53 aircraft took off between 0700 and 0736. All formations bombed the primary target using PFF aiming, with unobserved results. Primary Target: Railroad Marshalling Yards - Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany. Target Attacked : Primary (PFF)
53 aircraft assigned to this mission: Completed Mission - 49. Failed To Return - 1. Aborted - 3 42-32106 Johnstone, William A - Did not bomb because unable to see wing lead release bombs. 42-97271 Hunt, John H - Did not bomb because unable to see wing lead release bombs. 42-97320 Gilbert, Stanley M - Aborted over base during assembly due to personnel illness. 42-97941 Hulcher, Donald L - Did not bomb because unable to see wing lead release bombs. 42-97986 Malone, John J - Led wing on bomb run due to failure of equipment on lead aircraft - the PFF on this ship went out momentarily on first bomb run, forcing a second one. 42-98000 Rice, Robert E - Aborted due to personnel illness. 42-102518 Peters, Lloyd A - Did not bomb because unable to see wing lead release bombs. 42-107057 Plowman, Noel E - Failed to Return - MIA; hit by flak, crashed near Wiesbaden, Germany; MACR 9414 42-107083 Causa, Raymond - Collided with B-24, but was able to return to base; left wing damaged. 42-107121 Chmura, Edward - Aborted due to mechanical failure. 44-8047 Myrick, Kenneth D - B Wing lead. PFF & Gee-H ship, both of which failed prior to target, necessitating having the deputy lead the bomb run.
source: 384th Bomb Group web page http://384thBombGroup.com/
388BG Mission Report - For this mission the 388th put up three Groups forming the 45th A Combat Wing. The target was the I. G. Farbenindustrie while other 3rd Air Division forces hit the railroad yards in the same area. The 1st Division attacked targets at Frankfurt and the 2nd Division went to Koblenz.
36 a/c plus 3 PFF a/c were airborne between 0650 and 0735 hours. One a/c aborted for mechanical reasons and one failed to drop its bombs for mechanical reasons. The briefed route across Belgium was followed into the target where bombs were dropped using PFF methods. Bombs were away at 1039 hours from 24,000 feet. On the return route the formation got considerably south of the briefed course and was late in returning.
There was meager to moderate flak at the target with two planes receiving battle damage. All a/c returned safely by 1440 hours.
source: 388th Bomb Group web page http://www.388bg.info
source: 398th Bomb Group web page http://www.398th.org/
401BG / 613BS Mission Report - Our target was the center of the great industrial city of Frankfurt. The bomb load was made up of parcels of leaflets and Braddock Projects FIC Incendiary Fillers. The Braddock Bomb was being dropped for the first time and were for use by the friendly workers within enemy territory. They contained instructions in eleven different languages as to the proper method of use in starting incendiary fires in factories, plants, storage depots etc. Because of cloud cover bombing was done by PFF and the results were unobserved. No enemy aircraft opposition was encountered and the flak directed at our Group was inaccurate, no battle damage being sustained. Lt. R.N. Fowler was the High Box Leader in which 9 aircraft from the 613th Squadron flew. They were: Jennings, Hanson, Hopley, Budd, Douglas, Lockhart, Hillested, Carson, Baker.
source: 613th Bombardment Squadron History
401BG / 614BS Mission Report - The Air Commander on this mission was Major Maupin. It was his 25th and last mission. The Group furnished 36 aircraft plus two PFF aircraft to form the 94th "C" Wing and they were loaded with leaflets and a new device called Braddock bombs. This was a device filled with small incendiary units for the use by foreign workers in the German war industry. There was a distinct lack of enemy fighters and the flak that appeared to be directed at the 401st was inaccurate with the result that there was no battle damage among the Group aircraft. Crews: 42-107151 Silverstein, 42-97395 Hubbell, 42-38236 Crozier, 42-38330 Utter, 42-97602 Morton, 44-6464 Bright, 42-97145 Lerwick, 43-38452 James, 42-102659 Rundell.
source: 614th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
401BG / 615BS Mission Report - The whole of the 1st Bomb Division, a total of 410 B-17's, bombed Frankfurt on this mission, the marshalling yards being the assigned MFI. 1,150 tons of bombs were dropped by PFF techniques on the area. Briefing for 38 401st crews took place at 0400 hrs with assembly taking place at the Cottesmore Buncher at 11,000 feet. By 0750 hrs all aircraft were airborne and on their way to Frankfurt under the Leadership of Major Jere Maupin with 1st Lt. H.L. Oas Jr. of the 615th as Deputy Leader. The 401st made up the 94th "C" CBW. This was Major Maupin's 25th and last mission of his first tour of operations. Later he would return and fly many more with the 401st. The cargo dropped over Frankfurt by the 401st on this mission were not bombs. They had been chosen to carry "Braddock" bombs, a small incendiary device to be used - hopefully - by foreign workers for sabotage efforts. The Luftwaffe were not seen but the crews reported that the flak over Frankfurt was moderate although no 401st aircraft were damaged. Crews: Grimm, Stegemann, Heenan, Turk, Oas Jr., Sornbart, Daves, Sullivan, Udy.
source: 615th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
401BG / 612BS Mission Report - Major Maupin, Squadron C.O., was the Wing Leader for the 36 aircraft furnished by the 401st on 25th September for the assigned target at Frankfurt. This was Major Maupin's 25th and last mission in his first tour of operations. An unusual bomb load was carried on this mission with each aircraft loading Braddock-type bombs which were actually loaded with an incendiary filler designed to be used by foreign workers in Germany for sabotage efforts. As the weather turned out to be 10/10's cloud undercast no results were observed although the bombing by Mickey was reported to have been a good one according to their "scopes". No enemy fighters were encountered and Flak gave the Group a "free-ride" for once when it all proved to be low and wide at the target with no aircraft sustaining damage. The whole Squadron was happy to see Major Maupin complete his tour for hard luck had certainly dogged him all the way. None of the Group personnel had encountered more bad luck than he and all agree he had more than his fair share. Even on the last mission the PFF equipment went out and the deputy lead had to take over the bombing. The Major led the Wing with Lt. Carns and his crew, and Lt. Schaunaman, flew as deputy lead for the Low Box. All of the nine 612th drews returned safely and the crew loadings were as follows. 43-38159 Schaunaman, 42-31662 Cox, 42-31087 Burge, 42-107398 Maxwell, 43-37790 Aiken, 42-97600 Carns, 42-106992 Bonney, 43-37628 Ludeman, 42-107039 Cromer.
source: 612th Bombardment Squadron History
44BG Mission Report - Koblenz M/Y, Germany was the target for the 30 aircraft (4 were PFFs and 7 67th's) and all but one of them attacked. Capt. Benadom led the Group and bombing was done by the PFF method through 10/10th cloud cover, with unobserved results. Flak was moderated and inaccurate with no planes sustaining battle damage. Bomb loading was 12 x 500 demos. and some with 7 x 1000. Lt. Appelin, navigator on Lt. Hurst's ship stated that a railroad bridge was included in the target but their bombs hit the city and the bridge still stood. 2nd Lts. Hayden and Spagnola promoted to 1st Lt. effective 22nd.
source: 44th Bomb Group web page http://www.8thairforce.com/44thbg
source: 486th Bomb Group web page http://www.486th.org/
91st BG / 322nd BS Mission Report - Frankfurt, Germany. Flying the 1st A CBW this group bombed the M/Yds at Frankfurt by PFF methods with unobserved results. Capt. Suther flew as CBW commander and this Squadron furnished the entire lead group. S/Sgt Dennis J. Moore, tail gunner on Lt. Trent's crew, received a minor wound from flak in his left eye necessitating three stitches but without impairing his sight.
91st BG / 324th BS Mission Report - Frankfurt Bombing done by PFF equipment with unobserved results. No E/A interfered and flak was not too accurate. 9/10 to 10/10 all the way. Fighter support only fair on way in but good on way out.