Narrative - Official Air Force Mission Description
Mission 662: 1,065 bombers and 753 fighters make PFF and visual attacks against airfields and industrial targets in Geramny; 3 bombers and 4 fighters are lost:
1. 380 B-17s are dispatched to hit Giebelstadt Airfield (49); targets of opportunity are Nurnberg (256), Ludwigshafen (13), Ulm (11) and others (24); 130 B-17s are damaged; 2 airmen are WIA. Escort is provided by 260 P-47s and P-51s; they claim 2-0-0 aircraft on the ground; 4 P-51s are lost (pilots MIA0 and 1 is damaged beyond repair.
2. 228 B-17s are dispatched to hit motor vehicle facotry at Nurnberg (198); 10 others hit Ottingen Airfield; 3 B-17s are lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and 63 damaged; 2 airmen are KIA, 4 WIA and 28 MIA. Escort is proivded by 227 P-47s and P-51s; 1 P-51 is damaged beyond repair.
3. 119 B-17s are dispatched to hit the oil refinery at Wesseling (87); targets of opportunity are Cogogne (26) and 1 other; 1 B-17 is damaged beyond repair and 51 damaged. Escort5 is provided by 24 of 24 P-47s.
4. 338 B-24s are dispatched to hit Gaggenau (139) and Lachen/Speyerdorf (111) visually; secondary targets hit are Offenburg marshaling yard (19) and Pforzheim Airfield (19); targets of opportunity are Speyer Airfield (30) and Lachen (2); 1 B-24 is damaged beyond repair and 38 damaged; 2 airmen are WIA. Escort is provided by 188 P-38s and P-47s.
Mission 663: 6 B-24s and 4 B-17s drop leaflets in France, Germany, the Netherlands and Belgium during the night.
Source: THE ARMY AIR FORCES IN WORLD WAR II: COMBAT CHRONOLOGY, 1941-1945 by Carter / Mueller, the Office of Air Force History,
The Cologne area was again the target. The synthetic oil refinery at Wesseling (near Cologne) was the primary target with the Cologne goods station to be combed if PFF bombing were utilized. Three aircraft returned early: #43-38563 Jackie, 360BS (Lt. Juns) - The co-pilot became sick with the bends; #44-8006 (No Name) 358BS (Lt. Grisham) - broken oil line; #42-38050 Thunderbird, 359BS (Lt. Underdown) - oxygen system failed.
Thirty-six Fortresses dropped 360 500-lb. G.P. bombs from 26,950, 25,900 and 24,800 ft. The bombing was by GEE-H equipment through solid overcast, with tops at 10,000 to 12,000 feet, and results were unobserved. Indications were that the lead Squadron hit quite a distance from the target due to equipment failure and that the low and high Squadrons hit near the target. No enemy aircraft were seen. Friendly fighter support was scattered going into the target, but was good from the target and out. Moderate and accurate flak were encountered with chaff having little beneficial effect. Thirteen aircraft sustained major and eleven, minor battle damage. Four crewmen were wounded.
source: 306th Bombardment Group website www.306bg.org/
34th BG Mission Report - Mission #72 Nurnburg. Command Pilot: CRABTREE. 35 planes dispatched. 33 planes dropped 80 tons on the primary target while 2 failed to bomb. 33 Credit Sorties. According to 34th Bombardment Group (H) 1941-1945, p.26, they bombed secondary target. Results unobserved.
source: 34th Bomb Group Mission List compiled by Gary L. Ferrell http://valortovictory.tripod.com
351BG Mission Report - 36 aircraft were sent on this mission.
43-38518 Lt. C. E. Cregar - Shot down by flak. POW 8, KIA 1.
source: 351st Bomb Group web page http://www.351st.org/ken.harbour
384BG Mission Report - 384th BG Mission Number 204. The 384th Bombardment Group (H) flew as the 41st CBW "C" Group on today's mission. The formation dropped its bombs using Gee-H aiming. Although the lead aircraft had equipment problems and ordered the deputy to take the lead using PFF, the Gee-H "came back in again" and the bombs were away using that. Primary Target: Synthetic Oil Refinery - Wesseling, Germany. Target Attacked : Primary (Gee-H)
10 aircraft assigned to this mission: Completed Mission - 39. Landed In Allied Territory - 1 42-32106 Johnstone, William A - Returned with two engines out. 43-37990 Mock, John M - Landed in Allied Territory Left formation after target; heard calling for landing instructions at Melsbroek airfield in Brussels, Belgium, but force-landed in a field, destroying the aircraft. Crew returned to duty on 17 October.
source: 384th Bomb Group web page http://384thBombGroup.com/
388BG Mission Report - All 8th Air Force planes were sent to Targets in South Germany and Frankfurt Areas. The 388th which put up the lead and high groups of the 45th "A" Combat Wing, went to Nurnburg. 23 A/C plus 3 PFF A/C were airborne between 0630 and 0708 hours. Formations were effected without difficulty and a course across France was taken and the Wing entered Germany between Koblenz and Frankfurt. Because of cloud coverage, PFF bombing was done on the secondary Target at Nurnburg in Wing formation. Bombs were away at 1122 hours from 25,000 feet. The Mickey Operators think the target was hit. The return route was a southerly one below Strasbourg then turning Northwest to return to the base. Two planes in each group aborted early for mechanical reasons. 19 plus 3 PFF A/C attacked the Target.
Moderate barrage and some tracking flak was encountered at the Target. In crossing the front lines, meager accurate flak was encountered. There were rockets in the Target and Stuttgart areas. No enemy a/c were seen. 12 of our a/c received minor flak damage and one major flak damage.
Lt. Catt, Lt. Neto and Lt. Howe were wounded. Lt. Clarke, Copilot on Lt. Wallace crew (a/c #724), was killed.
A/C # 303 and # 724 landed in friendly territory on the Continent.
17 A/C plus 3 PFF A/C returned to base by 1520 hours.
source: 388th Bomb Group web page http://www.388bg.info
source: 398th Bomb Group web page http://www.398th.org/
401BG / 613BS Mission Report - The target assigned was a factory at Nurnberg, Germany engaged in the production of heavy engines, trucks, motor vehicles and heavy tanks. Because of 9/10ths undercast over the primary target, the secondary target was bombed by PFF. Glimpses of the target city on the bombing run enabled operators and bombardiers to coordinate very well and although the undercast prevented observations of the results, bombing was thought to be good by all three Squadrons. Major E. de Jonckheere was the Leader of the High Squadron in which 9 crews from the 613th flew in the Lead and Low Sections. They were: Lockhart, Carson, Hanson, Douglas, Lippert, Campbell, Hillested, Baker, McGoldrick.
source: 613th Bombardment Squadron History
401BG / 614BS Mission Report - Twelve aircraft from the 614th Squadron formed the Low Squadron led by Capt. A.H. Chapman. Bombing was by PFP through 8/10th's to 10/10th's clouds with results that were unobserved, with 500 lb I.B.'s. There was no air opposition and the flak was moderate and accurate. The 401st supplied 39 aircraft to form the 94th "C" Group with Capt. Kalinski as the Air Commander. The assigned target was a factory at Nurnberg producing heavy engines, trucks, motor vehicles and heavy tanks. The secondary PFP target was believed to have been a Luftwaffe H.Q. Of the 1,065 heavy bombers sent over Germany that morning only three were lost and they were all from the 1st Division attacking Nurnberg. Crews: 44-8033 CPFF) Mercer, 42-97870 Brown, 44-6464 Wittman, 42-107151 Silverstein, 44-6508 Sisson, 42-97478 Melton, 42-38236 Hayes, 43-38452 James, 42-38330 Morton, 42-97395 Hubbell.
source: 614th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
401BG / 615BS Mission Report - The first briefing of October was at 0415 hrs and was for 39 crews. Just over four hours later, at 0849 hrs, 38 aircraft were airborne, and, as the Flying Control Officer that morning put it - "after many trials and tribulations". Aircraft No. 39 got away at 0900 hrs in the hope that he could catch up with the rest of the Group. The 401st Group furnished three 12 aircraft Squadrons comprising the 94th "B" Group, which was led by Capt. F.A. Kalinski, flying with his former co-pilot, Lt. Charleville, who had now taken over Capt. F. A. Kalinski's crew. There was one PFF ship with each Squadron. Capt. A. H. Chapman and Major E.T. de Jonckheere were the other two Squadron leaders. Because of 9/10th's undercast over the primary target, the secondary (PFF) target - the city of Nurnberg itself - was bombed. Glimpses of the target city on the bombing run enabled the Mickey operators and the bombardiers to co-ordinate very well, and although the undercast prevented observations of results, bombing was thought to be good. There was no sign of the Luftwaffe fighters on this mission, but moderate, inaccurate flak was met over the target with the result that one aircraft received major battle damage and 5 minor flak damage. Some meagre flak was also encountered in the Nancy - Strasbourg area. The 615th loading list was as follows: 42-97636 Charleville, 42-31983 Callaway, 44-6146 Cooper, 43-38458 Duckworth, 42-31488 McKay, 43-38125 Dow, 42-31730 Sombart, 42-107113 Sullivan.
source: 615th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
401BG / 612BS Mission Report - An incident connected with missions is very noteworthy although it did not entail the loss of a This was on 3rd. October when the Group returned from a mission to Nurnburg, Lt. Schaunarnan and crew were flying aircraft No. 42-97487 and received severe battle damage which made their left landing gear and all electrical equipment inoperative. Having no contact with the "Tower" to discuss his troubles Lt. Shaunaman decided to put the crew in the "ditching" position in the Radio Operators compartment and to make a one-wheel landing with the able assistance of Lt. Hobgood, the co-pilot. After waiting for all other aircraft to land he made a low approach setting the aircraft down beautifully and under perfect control on the end of the runway. Then he managed to keep the left wing up for about half the runway length before it finally dropped and the props began to clatter like mad. Then it was a terrific fight to hold her on the runway without much rudder control and practically no right brake control. But they managed to hold on and avoid veering off into a dispersal area and finally reached the end of the runway having displayed unexcelled skill in the proper way to make a "one-wheel" landing.. Unfortunately there was a Limey car and a G.I. truck erroneously parked in their path and the aircraft could not avoid demolishing them, no one being hurt either in or out of the aircraft. Lt. Schaunaman was highly commended for the fine performance and decisions made under dire conditions.
source: 612th Bombardment Squadron History
401BG / 612BS Mission Report - Three 12 aircraft Squadrons, including one PFF aircraft for each, was furnished by the 401st to fly the 94th Wing "B" Group. With weather raising its usual ugly head in the form of 10/10's undercast of clouds it became necessary to make a PFF bomb run although a few breaks in the clouds did provide checkpoints while going in to the target. All three Squadron Leads believed that their PFF drops were good enough to obtain good results in the area of their assigned PFF MFI. Still the Luftwaffe failed to intercept our Group although Flak contributed its uselessness as usual. Moderate and inaccurate improving to accurate, was met over the target. Also Flak of the meagre variety and fair accuracy was encountered in the Nancy - Strasbourg area. Nine of the 612th aircraft completed this effort with Lt's Schaunaman, Burns and Gibson leading the High Flight in each of the three Squadrons. All aircraft returned safely although Lt. Schaunaman's had to crash-land due to Flak damage. Crew loadings are as follows. 42-97938 Lawrence, 42-97487 Schaunaman, 43-37628 Cox, 42-39993 Gibson, 43-37990 Jones, 42-102398 Maxwell, 42-106992 Burns, 42-107039 Harlan, 42-102393 Cromer.
source: 612th Bombardment Squadron History
44BG Mission Report - The Lorry Works at Gaggenau was the ordered Primary today and the Group was the second group in the "B" Wing, echeloned to the right of the 491st, with the 14th Wing leading the Division. 28 aircraft (7 were 67th) plus two PFFs were dispatched and all but one aircraft and one of the G-H ships attacked same target. Due to a bombsight malfunction in the lead ship on the bomb run, the formation ended up to the right of the target. However, the second and high squadron broke away to bomb the Primary with excellent results. The first and third, lead and low left, squadron of which was contained seven 67th planes, headed for Pforzheim, the secondary, but were cut off by another Wing; so they went on to choose a Target of Opportunity, the Offenburg M/Y with fair to good results. Lt. Honmyhr flew as deputy lead. The formation encountered no flak or enemy aircraft, and all returned to base safely after an 8-1/2 hour flight. Lt. Jones adds: "Load of 6 x 1000 lb GPs- 3rd section lead for us. We drop as a squadron and missed. Glickman rode nose turret. Ship K+ (Scotty Mac) had to turn back early." Sgt. Allen adds: "Saw artillery on hill in Nancy area. Also crossed Calais area and observed bombed robot sites. The Alps really looked pretty."
source: 44th Bomb Group web page http://www.8thairforce.com/44thbg
source: 486th Bomb Group web page http://www.486th.org/
91st BG / 322nd BS Mission Report - Nienburg. The tank and diesel engine factory at Nienburg was attacked by PFF methods with what are believed to be good results. This Squadron furnished the low squadron, with Capt. Walter W. Thompson flying with Lt. DeLisle in the lead A/C.
Aircraft: B-24J (#42-51521). Organization: 852BS / 491BG of North Pickenham, Norfolk. Pilot: Gasperi, Raymond L. Notes: crashed belly landing. Location: Wattisham, Suffolk England. Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5 source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51D (#44-13814). Organization: 385FS / 364FG of Honington, Suffolk. Pilot: Eubanks, Jack O. Notes: landing accident. Location: Honington, Suffolk England. Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3 source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51D10 (#44-14202). Organization: 374FS / 361FG of Little Walden, Essex. Pilot: McKivett, Charles C. Notes: killed crash on take off eng failure. Location: Little Walden, Essex England. Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5 source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Mission "8th AF 662" Airfields and industrial targets in Germany October 03, 1944
Primary source for mission statistics: Mighty Eighth War Diary by Roger A. Freeman
Enemy Aircraft X-P-D
Enemy Aircraft (on gnd) X-P-D
USAAF Aircraft X-E-D
USAAF Personnel KIA-WIA-MIA
448BG aircraft crash-lands Calais 401BG aircraft crash-lands base 384BG aircraft forced to land Belgium
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