Narrative - Official Air Force Mission Description
Mission 676: 211 bombers and 258 fighters make GH attacks on 2 targets in Germany: 1 fighter is lost:
1. 90 of 94 B-17s hit a marshaling yard at Saarbrucken; 8 B-17s are damaged. Escort is provided by 105 of 107 P-51s; 1 P-51 is damaged beyond repair.
2. 117 of 117 B-24s hit Kaiserslautern; 8 B-24s are damaged. Escort is provided by 148 of 151 P-51s; 1 P-51 is lost (pilot MIA).
Mission 677: 1,040 bombers and 491 fighters are dispatched to make PFF attacks on Cologne, Germany; 5 bombers are lost:
1. 434 B-17s are dispatched to hit the Gereon marshaling yard (326); 1 hits a target of opportunity; 2 B-17s are lost and 93 damaged; 3 airmen are WIA and 20 MIA. Escort is provided by 141 of 153 P-51s; 1 P-51 is damaged beyond repair.
2. 318 B-24s are dispatched to hit the Gremberg (127) and Eifelter (121) marshaling yards; 9 others hit Euskirchen; 3 B-24s are lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and 137 damaged; 1 airman is KIA, 2 WIA and 20 MIA. Escort is provided by 177 of 184 P-47s and P-51s without loss.
3. 314 of 379 B-17s hit the secondary target, the Gereon marshaling yard; 1 other hits a target of opportunity; 2 B-17s are damaged beyond repair and 123 damaged; 1 airman is KIA and 3 WIA. Escort is provided by 151 of 154 P-47s and P-51s without loss.
Source: THE ARMY AIR FORCES IN WORLD WAR II: COMBAT CHRONOLOGY, 1941-1945 by Carter / Mueller, the Office of Air Force History,
303BG Mission Report - Target: Marshalling Yard at Saarbrucken, Germany. Crews Dispatched: 26 (358BS - 7, 359th - 6, 360th - 6, 427th - 7). Length of Mission: 6 hours, 32 minutes. Bomb Load: 14 x 250 lb H.E. M57 & 4 x 500 lb M17 Incendiary. Bombing Altitudes: 24,900 & 24,000 ft. Ammo Fired: 200 rounds.
A relatively small formation of twenty-six BG(H) B-17s flew a very uneventful mission to Saarbrucken, Germany. There were no enemy fighters observed and 107 P-51s provided good escort. Anti-aircraft fire was meager and inaccurate with only three accurate bursts on the bomb run. One aircraft suffered major and one, minor battle damage. There were no casualties and all aircraft returned safely to Molesworth. Two aircraft returned early.
Over the target there were 8/10 low clouds with tops at 13,000 to 14,000 ft., and no middle or high clouds, necessitating PFF bombing. Aircraft dropped 360 250-lb. H.E. M57 and 87 500-lb. M17 incendiary bombs from 24,900 and 24,000 ft. Two B-17s dropped 20 bundles of T177 leaflets. Bombingresultswere unobserved.
source: 303rd Bomb Group web page http://www.303rdbg.com/
34th BG Mission Report - Mission #77 Cologne. Command Pilot: GARRETT. 35 planes dispatched. 34 planes dropped 88 tons on the primary target and 1 failed to bomb. 34 Credit Sorties. Marshalling yards were the target of pathfinder bombing. Results unobserved.
source: 34th Bomb Group Mission List compiled by Gary L. Ferrell http://valortovictory.tripod.com
351BG Mission Report - 36 aircraft were sent on this mission.
source: 351st Bomb Group web page http://www.351st.org/ken.harbour
384BG Mission Report - 384th BG Mission Number 210. The 384th Bombardment Group (H) flew as the lead and low squadrons of the 41st CBW "B" Group on today's mission. Primary Target: Marshalling Yards - Saarbrucken, Germany. Target Attacked : Primary (Gee-H)
30 aircraft assigned to this mission: Completed Mission - 24. Aborted - 2. Scrubbed - 1. Returned To Base - 1. Ground Spare, Unused - 2 42-102500 Mead, Frank Willard - Aborted due to mechanical failure. 44-8047 Hulcher, Donald L - PFF ship. Aborted due to failure of #2 engine.
source: 384th Bomb Group web page http://384thBombGroup.com/
388BG Mission Report - All three Air Divisions of the 8th Air Force concentrated on targets in the City of Cologne in the southern part of the Ruhr. The 388th put up two Groups which flew as lead and high of the 45th B Combat Wing.
Our 26 a/c were airborne between 0750 and 0813 hours with 2 a/c of the lead Group aborting. Assembly was difficult due to the fact that clouds were higher than briefed over the base. After formation was effected the a/c proceeded to the target, which was the Marshalling Yards in the northwest outskirts of Cologne, on the briefed course. 10/10th clouds were over the entire route and the target was bombed using PFF methods. Bombs were away at 1203 hours from 27,200 feet.
Flak at the target was moderate and fairly accurate. Meager flak was encountered at Koblenz.
Lt. Hines in a/c 43-37685 "Slaves Dream", could not get his bomb bay doors open over the target and two engines had been hit by flak. The Command Pilot called our fighter escort and they made an emergency landing in Belgium. The crew was returned to base in 10 days.
All of our a/c with the exception of Lt. Hines returned to base safely.
source: 388th Bomb Group web page http://www.388bg.info
source: 398th Bomb Group web page http://www.398th.org/
401BG / 613BS Mission Report - The Rhine industrial city of Cologne, supplying German forces along the Siegfried Line was our objective on October 14th. The specific target assigned was the sidings and marshalling yards on the east side of the city. 10/10ths coverage over the target prevented visual bombing. The bombs were dropped by means of PFF equipment, results being unobserved. Scattered flak was observed over Coblenz and Trier but was ineffective against the Group. Flak at the target was moderate, generally of the barrage type but inaccurate. No enemy air opposition was encountered and all aircraft returned to base. Nine crews from the 613th flew on this mission and were: Annis, Keck, Douglas, Etters, Budd, Hanson, Campbell, Hopley, Hillested.
source: 613th Bombardment Squadron History
401BG / 614BS Mission Report - The target was the Cologne marshalling yards. Captain Ted Carroll led the Low Squadron and bombed by PFF with unobserved results. The flak was meager and there was no enemy air opposition. The 401st furnished 42 aircraft to form the 94th "A" Group and the Air Commander was Captain F.A. Kalinski. At this time the marshalling yards at Cologne were being used to supply material into the front line at Aachen, only 40 miles to the west of the city. Crews:
source: 614th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
401BG / 615BS Mission Report - Bad weather cut down the 8th Air Force activities for a week and then the 401st returned to Germany to attack Cologne with some 1,000 other four-engined bombers. It was a Saturday morning, and, at 0500 hrs, 42 crews were briefed with two observer crews and one weather crew. By 0911 hrs, despite a gale, all operational aircraft were on their way to the assembly area. The briefed target was the marshalling yards at Cologne and they were to be bombed visually or by PFF. As it happened so often in the past, there was 10/10th's cloud cover over the target so PFF techniques were used. However, only the High Squadron bombed by this means, with unobserved results. The PFF equipment of the Lead and Low Squadrons did not function properly on the bomb run, and so the Lead Squadron dropped on the smoke markers of the preceding Group. The 401st furnished the 94th "A" Group and Captain F.A. Kalinski was the Group Leader. Captain T.D. Carroll and Lt. B.F. Carns were the other two Squadron Leaders. Scattered and meagre flak was observed along the route. At the target flak was generally moderate and off for deflection and only two aircraft received minor flak damage. However, a "friendly" B-17 carried out some test firing and used a 401st aircraft as the target. A few 50 calibre holes were counted by the crew. The following nine crews flew on the mission: 42-102674 Grimm, 42-97636 Charleville, 43-38125 Stegemann, 42-31983 Maire, 43-38159 Hansen, 43-38458 Dow, 42-102468 Sullivan, 43-38425 Udy, 43-38077 Dempsey.
source: 615th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
401BG / 612BS Mission Report - After a long may-off of seven days the Group returned to Germany on October 14th to attack marshalling yards at Cologne. This target was significantly important in as much as the marshalling yards of Cologne were capable of giving good support by means of supplies to the Germans in Holland and near Aachen. The 401st furnished three 12 aircraft Squadrons flying as the 94th "A" Group for this effort. A cloudy undercast necessitated Mickey bombing on this effort. The Lead Squadrons Mickey went out on the run and they bombed on another Squadron's smoke marker. The Low Squadron found itself directly under the High Squadron on the bomb run and had to move out of the way to avoid their bombs and thereby ruined their bomb run. However, they dropped on the High Squadron which reported to have had a very good run on PFF equipment. No results were obtained due to the clouds obscuring the ground. Still no Luftwaffe to bother the crews although Flak was met in the target area. Chaff seemed to be working very well for the aircraft had no Flak which was close enough to cause serious trouble. Scattered around the Valley, over the target and near Koblenz were the places it was seen. Fighter escort was excellent and all crews returned safely. Ben Carns was the High Squadron Leader for the 612th and had the able assistance of Lt. Malone as Lead Navigator, Lt. Howard as Mickey Operator and Lt. Weigler as Lead Bombardier. Crews: 42-97947 Carns, 43-38733 Christensen, 43-38637 Hocking, 42-102398 Maxwell, 42-106992 Cromer, 43-37628 Aiken, 42-31662 Cox, 42-97938 Lawrence, 43-37790 Bonney.
source: 612th Bombardment Squadron History
44BG Mission Report - Lt. Bakalo led the Group today on a mission to Kaiserslautern M/Y_, Germany. Seven of the 67th aircraft, along with 23 other planes (including 3 G-H and 1 PFF). All aircraft reached the target and bombed by the G-H method, results unobserved. Bomb loading was 12 X 500 GPs dropped from 22,000 feet. There was no flak on the formation and all aircraft returned safely to base. Sgt. Allen adds: "Formed over London, bombed through 10/10ths coverage. Milk run." The 44th was the only Group flying in the Wing and flew as third Wing in the Division. S/Sgt. Burton, having completed operational tour, transferred to 12th RCD to return to the States.
source: 44th Bomb Group web page http://www.8thairforce.com/44thbg
source: 486th Bomb Group web page http://www.486th.org/
91st BG / 322nd BS Mission Report - Cologne. Capt. Malone in a 323rd aircraft with Lt. Harper led the high Squadron. The railroad choke plant just east of the Rhine was attacked by PFF methods, with unobserved results, but believed to be good as the Mickey navigator in the lead ship was able to pinpoint himself both before and after target.