Narrative - Official Air Force Mission Description
Mission 696: 324 bombers and 321 fighters are dispatched to attack 2 synthetic oil plants near Gelsenkirchen and a bridge at Rudesheim, Germany; 1 P-51 is lost:
1. 142 B-17s are dispatched to hit the Norstern oil plant at Gelsenkirchen (113); 23 hit the secondary, the Hamm marshaling yard; 1 hits a target of opportunity; 24 B-17s are damaged; 1 airman is KIA. Escort is provided by 140 P-47s and P-51s; they claim 1-0-0 aircraft; 1 P-51 is lost (pilot MIA).
2. 143 of 144 B-24s hit the Buer oil plant at Gelsenkirchen; 25 B-24s are damaged. Escort is provided by 109 P-47s and P-51s; they claim 1-0-0 aircraft; 1 P-51 is damaged beyond repair.
3. 38 B-17s are dispatched to hit a railroad bridge at Rudesheim (13); 24 hit the secondary, a marshaling yard at Koblenz; 7 B-17s are damaged. Escort is provided by 37 of 38 P-51s.
Mission 697: 3 B-17s and 5 B-24s drop leaflets in the Netherlands during the night.
Source: THE ARMY AIR FORCES IN WORLD WAR II: COMBAT CHRONOLOGY, 1941-1945 by Carter / Mueller, the Office of Air Force History,
Thirty-three Fortresses of the lead, low and fourth Squadrons dropped 649 250-lb. H.E. M57 bombs on the primary target at Gelsenkirchen. Bombing was by GEE-H from 28,600, 28,100 and 26,900 feet. Although results were unobserved, crew members were believed to have hit in the city. One aircraft dropped 10 bundles of T184 leaflets. Ten B-17s in the high Squadron bombed the secondary target at Hamm from 27,900 feet, dropping 197 250-lb. bombs via PFF equipment when their GEE-H receivers malfunctioned. Results were unobserved. In the target areas there were 10/10 clouds at 18,000 ft.
A few German jets were reported, but there were no attacks on the 303rd BG(H) formations. Friendly fighter support by 140 P-51s and P-47s was good. Chaff was very effective with the intense, but inaccurate flak at the primary target. A few accurate bursts caused major damage to one and minor damage to another Fortress. Flak at the secondary target was meager to moderate and inaccurate. All aircarft returned to Molesworth and there were no casualties.
source: 303rd Bomb Group web page http://www.303rdbg.com/
384BG Mission Report - 384th BG Mission Number 217. The 384th Bombardment Group (H) led the 1st Air Division and the 41st CBW Wing formation in the "A" Group position. The Lead and high squadrons completed a Gee-H attack on the primary as planned. The low group's Gee-H equipment failed prior to arriving at the primary IP, so it flew directly to the secondary target IP and attacked that target using PFF. Primary Target: Nordstern Synthetic Oil Plant - Gelsenkirchen, Germany. Target Attacked : Primary (Gee-H)
43 aircraft assigned to this mission: Completed Mission - 39. Ground Spare, Unused - 4 42-32106 Herring, Harold F - Low squadron hot camera ship. 42-97150 Sienkiewicz, Edward A - Lead squadron hot camera ship. 42-97592 Martin, Donald F - Low squadron lead. PFF ship. Led squadron in PFF attack on secondary target. 42-97824 Mohler, John G - High squadron deputy. Gee-H ship. Took over lead and led squadron in Gee-H attack on primary. 42-97941 Johnstone, William A - Low squadron deputy. Gee-H ship. Gee-H equipment failed before primary IP, so this aircraft was not able to lead the squadron to attack the primary target. 42-102449 Bills, Edgar L - Division Deputy. Gee-H ship. Returned early due to material failure. 43-38721 Green, Loren L - Low squadron hot camera ship. 43-38747 Somers, James L - High squadron hot camera ship. 44-8008 Cline, Walter W - High squadron lead. PFF ship. Relinquished lead to deputy for the Gee-H bomb run on the primary: resumed lead for return to base. 44-8430 Brookshire, James D - High squadron hot camera ship.
source: 384th Bomb Group web page http://384thBombGroup.com/
source: 392nd Bomb Group web page http://www.b24.net/missions/
44BG Mission Report - The Bauer Oil Refinery at Gelsenkirchen, Germany, producer synthetic oil, was the objective for three aircraft of the 67th Squadron, joining with 9 other A/C of the 44th to form the third Group in the Wing, second Wing in the Division. Captain Honmyhr flew Group deputy lead until the lead aircraft was forced to drop out, at which time Capt. Honmyhr assumed the lead and bombed from that position. They attacked the target on PFF through 10/10th undercast, with results unobserved. The 66th sent two PFFs to lead other Groups - one to the 392nd and one to the 491st - their results unknown, also Flak in the target area was heavy and inaccurate, and fighter support was excellent. The Group incurred no losses.
source: 44th Bomb Group web page http://www.8thairforce.com/44thbg
Non-Combat Accident Reports
Aircraft: B-17G (#42-31551). Organization: 750BS / 457BG of Glatton, Huntingdonshire. Pilot: Godwin, John R. Notes: engine failure or engine fire. Location: Glatton, Huntingdonshire England. Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3 source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51D5 (#44-13784). Organization: 338FS / 55FG of Wormingford, Essex. Pilot: Gebhardt, William P. Notes: bailed out due to structural failure. Location: Orfordness/ 4mi S North Sea. Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 4 source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Mission "8th AF 696" Oil installations and a rail bridge November 01, 1944
Primary source for mission statistics: Mighty Eighth War Diary by Roger A. Freeman
Enemy Aircraft X-P-D
Enemy Aircraft (on gnd) X-P-D
USAAF Aircraft X-E-D
USAAF Personnel KIA-WIA-MIA
94BG aircraft, 447BG aircraft used new Micro-H blind bombing technique
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