Narrative - Official Air Force Mission Description
Mission 839: 1,262 bombers and 792 fighters are dispatched to again attack the tank plant, main railroad station, marshaling yards and locomotive shops at Nurnberg, Germany using H2X radar; they claim 4-0-1 Luftwaffe aircraft on the ground; 7 fighters are lost:
1. 830 of 867 B-17s hit the marshaling yard; 11 others hit targets of opportunity; 1 B-17 is damaged beyond repair and 298 damaged; 1 airman is KIA and 6 WIA. Escorting are 373 of 391 P-51s; they claim 2-0-0 aircraft; 2 P-51s are lost (pilots MIA).
2. 375 of 395 B-24s hit the station and marshaling yard; targets of opportunity are Speyer (1) and other (2); 63 B-24s are damaged; 1 airman is KIA and 3 WIA. The escort is 175 P-47s and P-51s; they claim 2-0-0 aircraft; 3 P-51s are lost (pilots MIA).
3. 45 of 46 P-51s make a sweep of the Meiningen-Coburg-Nurnberg area; 1 P-51 is lost (pilot MIA).
4. 98 of 101 P-51s escort Ninth AF B-26s; they claim 0-0-1 aircraft.
5. 23 of 31 P-51s fly a scouting mission; 1 P-51 is lost (pilot MIA).
6. 29 of 30 P-51s escort 10 F-5s and 7 Spitfires on a photo reconnaissance mission over Germany.
Mission 840: During the night of 21/22 Feb, 25 of 29 B-24s attack the Duisburg power and gas stations using PFF; 2 B-24s are lost.
Source: THE ARMY AIR FORCES IN WORLD WAR II: COMBAT CHRONOLOGY, 1941-1945 by Carter / Mueller, the Office of Air Force History,
Carpetbagger Casualty Report John M Stolberg , ASN# 0-723733, Navigator; of Saline Cty, MO: KIA
Thomas G Fraser , ASN# 0-772338, Co-Pilot: POW - Interned Stalag Luft 3 - MACR 12585
Karl E Fasick , ASN# 13070244, Engineer: POW - MACR 12585
William D English , ASN# 39042933, Radio Operator; of Piedmont, CA: POW - MACR 12585
source: The Carpetbaggers http://www.801492.org/
303BG Mission Report - Target: Marshalling Yard at Nurnberg, Germany. Crews Dispatched: 38 (358BS - 10, 359th - 10, 360th - 9, 427th - 10). Length of Mission: 8 hours, 30 minutes. Bomb Load: 5 x 500 lb H.E. M43 & 5 x 500 lb M17 Incendiaries. Bombing Altitudes: 23,800, 23,900 & 25,250 ft. Ammo Fired: 480 rounds.
Nurnberg, Germany, was targeted for the second consecutive day — the primary was a tank factory (visual), and the secondary, the marshalling yard (PFF). The last resort was the Ulm, Germany marshalling yard. The Scouter aircraft pilot was Major Robert W. Sheets (CO 427BS). The weather aircraft was flown by Captain Nelson B. O'Beirne. Lt. Wilfred M. Walder, Jr. in #42-97311 Shoo Shoo Baby, 427BS, returned early with a runaway prop.
Thirty-eight Forts dropped 185 500-lb. H.E. M43, 185 500-lb. M17 incendiary bombs, and 10 units of leaflets on the secondary target. Bombing was by PFF from 23,800, 23,900 and 25,250 feet by PFF through a solid undercast. Results could not be observed. In the target area there were 8/10 to 10/10 thin middle clouds with tops at 8,000 to 10,000 feet, up to 3/10 high clouds at 26,000 to 28,000 feet, and moderate, non- persistent contrails.
There was no enemy opposition and support by 184 P-51s was good. Flak was meager to moderate at the target and very inaccurate. Although there was meager fire at the battle line on the route out from the target, no aircraft sustained battle damage. All aircraft returned safely to Molesworth and there were no casualties.
source: 398th Bomb Group web page http://www.398th.org/
401BG / 613BS Mission Report - Majar Eric de Jonckheere led the 94th "B" Group, with Captain Wood and Captain Meadville Lead Navigator and Lead Bombardier on a return trip to Nuremburg on February 21st. Bombing was by PFF and results were observed to be good. All aircraft returned safely. Crews from the 613th were: 42-31591 Kelso, 44-8648 Tausig, 43-38458 Shepard, 43-38791 Maharick, 44-6313 Bradley, 42-102947 Stelle, 43-38607 Cox, 44-6132 May, 44-6588 Nielson, 44-8449 Riegler.
source: 613th Bombardment Squadron History
401BG / 614BS Mission Report - To complete the job started the day before the three Divisions of the 8th Air Force returned to Nurnburg on the 21st with 1,200 B-17's and B-24's to unload almost 3,000 tons of bombs. The 401st B.G. made up the 94th "B" Group plus three PFF aircraft and bombed by H2X. Each Squadron made an individual run on the target and from the plotting of the scope photos a good run was made. Meager and accurate flak was met in the Frankfurt area with meager and inaccurate flak also over the target, and, although no aircraft were lost, about 360 of the 1,200 aircraft received battle damage. Also, the only Luftwaffe aircraft destroyed that day were on the ground. The Air Commander on this mission was Lt. Col. Eric de Jonckheere, and the 614th Squadron flew as the High Element of each of the three Boxes. The loading list for the Squadron on this mission was: 42-97322 St. Aubyn, 43-38330 White, 42-97395 James, 42-97602 Tobin, 42-97931 Ayre, 43-38565 Viehman, 43-38646 Thompson, 43-38738 Richardson, 42-102398 Stauffer.
source: 614th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
401BG / 615BS Mission Report - 40 crews, including three spare and one observer crew, were briefed at 0345 hrs and all aircraft were airborne without incident at 0751 hrs. The whole of the 8th Air Force - 1,219 four-engined bombers - attacked the marshalling yards at Nurnburg on this mission and almost 3,000 tons of high explosives fell on it. Amazingly, although 362 aircraft received battle damage, not one aircraft was lost on this mission. Seven 615th aircraft received minor flak damage. The heavy cloud at the target made it neccesary to again use PFF techniques for bombing and each Squadron made an individual run. The concentration of smoke markers and the plotting of the scope photos indicated that good bombing was accomplished. The 401st put up the 94th "B" Group and was led by Major E.T. de Jonckheere, with Lt. C.S. Schaunaman and Capt. R.M. Dempsey as the other two Squadron leaders. The ten 615th crews on this mission were: 42-102947 Dempsey, 43-38758 Moran, 42-31730 Berneburg, 42-107113 Stephens, 43-37551 Maire, 44-6146 Bennett, 42-102468 Djernes, 43-38077 Gerber, 43-38160 Jones, 43-38425 Callahan.
source: 615th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
44BG Mission Report - Eight of the 67th aircraft attacked the Marshalling Yards at Numburg, Germany on H2X. The Primary was the same target if bombed visually. Both Capt. Clements, 506th, and Capt. Brownlowe, 67th were credited with Group lead as our Group led the 2nd Air Division. All 32 of the Group's aircraft bombed through 10/10th cloud cover with unobserved results. However, all reports indicate a highly successful H2X run. Flak was meager inaccurate; fighter support was very good. This Group lost no aircraft although five of them landed on the continent and one landed at Woodbridge. 15 A/C sustained various degrees of battle damage. S/Sgt. Allen adds: "Flew in 0 282, bomb loading of 5 x 500 lb GPs and 5 x M17s. Meager flak over target; moderate and very accurate over lines going in and moderate at Freiburg coming out - 3 holes." S/Sgt. Donald M. Fredricksen completed tour.
source: 44th Bomb Group web page http://www.8thairforce.com/44thbg
source: 486th Bomb Group web page http://www.486th.org/
91st BG / 322nd BS Mission Report - Primary Target: Nuremberg Electrical Equipment Factory. Lt. Marsh and Lt. Schroeder flew the lead ship of the squadron on this mission in the low position. The Secondary target, the marshalling yards and R/R station in Nuremberg, were bombed through 10/10ths clouds by H2X methods with unobserved results. The mickey equipment of the low squadron failed to work properly and the squadron dropped on the smoke markers of the lead squadron. No damage was received.
91st BG / 324th BS Mission Report - Target: Nurnberg Electrical equipment factory. Major Klette and Capt. Manville lead the 1 C Group to attack the marshalingyards at Nurnberg. Bombing was accomplished on H2X methods with unobserved results. A plot made with pictures taken by lead mickey operator showed bombs to have fallen in target area. Flak in the target area was nil.
91BG / 401BS Mission Report - On the 21st of February we dispatched 8 A/C and 13 crews to attack the RR Station near Nurnberg center of the city, Bombing was done by means of instruments with unobserved results. A/C 388 piloted by 1st Lt. G. E. Shoup was forced to abort due to engine on fire. Our Squadron flew the High Squadron in the Group formation. The Group furnished the 1st "C" Group. AA fire in the target area was nil. Meager AA fire was experienced enroute to the target. Fighter support was good. All Squadron A/C and crews returned safely.
Aircraft: C-47B (#43-48871). Organization: 381ASrS / 7PRG of Mount Farm, Oxfordshire. Pilot: Pollitt, Byron H. Notes: taxiing accident. Location: Denain/Prouvy, France France. Damage (0-5 increasing damage): source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: Mosquito XVI (#MM388). Organization: 654BS / 25BG of Watton, Norfolk. Pilot: Howle, Robert P Jr. Notes: landing accident. Location: Alconbury, Cambridgeshire England. Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3 source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-47D (#42-76179WW). Organization: Hq&HqSq / 8FC of Charleroi, France. Pilot: Ellis, Richard N. Notes: unknown. Location: Charleroi-Gosselies (A-87) Belgium. Damage (0-5 increasing damage): source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51B15 (#42-106892). Organization: OT / 55FG of Wormingford, Essex. Pilot: Kershaw, Samuel E. Notes: killed in a crash. Location: Hornchurch/ nr England. Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 4 source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-51D-10NA (#44-14765). Organization: 352FS / 353FG of Raydon, Suffolk. Pilot: Harbin, William R. Notes: unknown. Location: Sandweiler (A-97) Luxembourg. Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 0 source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Mission "8th AF 839" Rail targets in Nuremburg February 21, 1945
Primary source for mission statistics: Mighty Eighth War Diary by Roger A. Freeman
Enemy Aircraft X-P-D
Enemy Aircraft (on gnd) X-P-D
USAAF Aircraft X-E-D
USAAF Personnel KIA-WIA-MIA
388BG aircraft abandoned over Belgium 447BG aircraft explodes at base, destroying 2 others
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