The Eighth Air Force Historical Society

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The Eighth Air Force Historical Society

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Narrative - Official Air Force Mission Description

VIII Bomber Command Mission 84: On the first anniversary of US heavy bomber operations from the UK, a two-pronged attack into Germany is launched, marking the deepest penetra-tion of German territory to date. The critical targets are the Messer-schmitt complex at Regensburg, and the anti-friction-bearing factories at Schweinfurt.

1. 230 B-17s are dispatched to Schweinfurt; 188 hit the target at 1459-1511 hours; they claim 148-18-63 Luftwaffe aircraft; 36 B-17s are lost, 3 are damaged beyond repair and 118 damaged; casualties are 3 KIA, 12 WIA and 352 MIA; there are 80 high explosive hits on the 2 main bearing plants.

2. 146 B-17s are dispatched to Regensburg; 127 hit the target at 1148-1207 hours; they claim 140-19-36 Luftwaffe aircraft; 24 B-17s are lost, 1 is damaged beyond repair and 50 are damaged; casualties are 4 KIA, 9 WIA and 200 MIA; every important building in the complex is damaged; the surviving aircraft continue on to bases in North Africa. 60 B-17s are lost in the fierce air battle that extends to the targets and continues after the bombing.

VIII Air Support Command Missions 23 and 24: Two airfields in France are targetted.

1. 36 B-26s are dispatched to Bryas Sud Airfield; 29 hit the target at 1051 hours; 2 aircraft are damaged.

2. 72 B-26s are dispatched to Poix/Nord Airfield; 35 hit the target at 1552 hours; 20 aircraft are damaged; casualties are 1 WIA.

During the night of 17/18 Aug the Royal Air Force (RAF) begins Operation CROSSBOW, massive attacks on German V-weapon sites. About 570 aircraft drop 2,000 tons of bombs on Peenemunde, Germany.

Source: THE ARMY AIR FORCES IN WORLD WAR II: COMBAT CHRONOLOGY, 1941-1945 by Carter / Mueller, the Office of Air Force History,