Narrative - Official Air Force Mission Description
VIII Bomber Command Mission 106: 349 B-17s are dispatched to the industrial area of Emden, Germany; led by 2 B-17 pathfinders, 339 hit the target at 1557-1603 hours; they claim 15-6-12 Luftwaffe aircraft; 2 B-17s are lost and 34 damaged; casualties are 2 WIA and 21 MIA. The B-17s are escorted by 227 P-47s who claim 5-3-1 Luftwaffe aircraft; 1 P-47 is damaged. In addition to the above, 21 B-24s are dispatched to Woensdrecht Airfield, The Netherlands; the target is obscured by clouds and the mission is aborted.
VIII Air Support Command Mission 75: 72 B-26s are dispatched to the St Omer/Longuenesse Airfield in France; because of cloud cover, only 6 hit the target at 1715 hours; the remainder refrain from bombing because the target is in occupied territory; 12 B-26s are damaged; casualties are 1 KIA and 4 WIA.
VIII Bomber Command Mission 107: 2 B-17s join the Royal Air Force (RAF) in a night mission to Munich; no losses or casualties.
Source: THE ARMY AIR FORCES IN WORLD WAR II: COMBAT CHRONOLOGY, 1941-1945 by Carter / Mueller, the Office of Air Force History,
303BG Mission Report - Target: Port Area & Dock Facilities, Emden, Germany .Crews Dispatched: 20. Crews Lost: 1Lt. Paul Tippet, 11 crew KIA, 1 minor casualty. Length of Mission: 5 hours, 40 minutes. Bomb Load: 12 x 500 lb G.P. bombs + 16 bundles of nickels. Bombing Altitude: 23,500 ft. Ammo Fired: 10,915 rounds. Enemy Aircraft Claims: 1 Destroyed, 1 Probable.
Emden was the target again with a repeat mission. One aircraft aborted while the Group was forming.
The bombers flew in perfect formation and made an excellent bomb run on the target. The bombs were dropped through overcast skies in close formation on the lead aircraft of the 384th BG(H). This aircraft was a Pathfinder aircraft whose "Mickey" operator made the bomb run with his H2S radar equipment. Parachute flares came out of the lead Combat Wing B-17, but they were not observed as opening. Fifty-seven tons of H.E. M-43 500-lb. G.P. bombs plus 16 bundles of "nickels" (propaganda leaflets) were dropped from 23,500 feet. This was the first time that the 303rd BG(H) dropped leaflets.
The formations were escorted in from the German coast and back out to the coast again by P-47 "Thunderbolt" fighters. All crews agreed that the fighters gave them perfect cover and kept most of the Nazi fighters out of reach of the bombers. Despite this cover, a few did manage to come through the formation and made several head-on attacks before they were chased away by 8th Air Force fighters. While there were many enemy fighters in the air, not more than six came in to make one of the most vigorous attacks yet seen by our crews. Anti-aircraft gunfire over the target was intense, but not very accurate.
#42-5260 was hit by two ME-109s immediately after the formation left the target. The ship peeled off, went down out of control and exploded above the overcast. One parachute was seen coming out of the ship before it went out of sight.
source: 306th Bombardment Group website www.306bg.org/
351BG Mission Report - 19 aircraft were sent on this mission.
source: 351st Bomb Group web page http://www.351st.org/ken.harbour
384BG Mission Report - The 384th Bombardment Group (H) flew as the lead group of the 103rd CBW, with General Robert F Travis aboard the lead ship. Near the IP, the PFF-equipped deputy ship took the lead. Bombs were away using PFF aiming, with unobserved results. Primary Target: Port Facilities - Emden, Germany. Target Attacked : Primary (PFF)
22 aircraft assigned to this mission: Completed Mission - 18. Scrubbed - 1. Spare, Returned As Briefed - 2. Ground Spare, Unused - 1. 42-3357 Nuttall, Alfred C - Deputy wing lead. PFF ship and crew provided by 482nd BG. 42-3441 Ogilvie, Donald Potter - Low squadron lead. 42-5086 Thompson, Siguard (NMI) - High squadron lead. 42-30033 Kelly, James H - Gen. Robert F Travis, Commander, 41st Combat Bombardment Wing (H), Molesworth, England, was aboard this aircraft as 103rd CBW Leader.
source: 384th Bomb Group web page http://384thBombGroup.com/
388BG Mission Report - On this mission the 388th flew as low Group of the 2nd Combat Wing with the 96th as lead and high Groups. Twenty four of our planes took-off by 1310 hours and there were no aborts.
Lt. Pfeiffer, who was to lead the low squadron, took-off late because of engine trouble and Lt. Williams filled his spot. Lt. Felece filled Williams place from the abort group. With no aborts, Lt. Pfeiffer and the other two planes returned to base as instructed. The 388th also furnished three abort planes for the 96th and, with no aborts with them, they returned to base as instructed.
The assigned Target was the Port Area of Emden. When the formation reached the IP (Groningen, Holland) it was found that the entire Target area was 10/10th clouds. After the formation had proceeded about half-way from the IP to the Target, Lt. McCandless reported that some of the 96th planes were dropping their bombs, three and four at a time. When the formation had apparently passed the Target and started to turn left, Lt. McCandless contacted our Group Leader, Major Henggeler, who ordered our 21 a/c to drop bombs on the leader. On this mission no bombs hung up and if the Target was hit, it was only by chance.
After our bombs were away, the 96th headed for the IP and made a second bomb run. Our Group stayed with them to afford protection and when the lead plane dropped their bombs, only four other planes still had bombs to drop.
Right after our planes dropped their bombs, Lt. Felece in a/c 42-30421, was hit by flak. He feathered his #1 engine and then fire broke out in the #2 engine and they left the formation.
Flak was meager at the Frisian Islands, IP and the target area. Fighter escort was provided by P-47's over the entire route and no enemy a/c made a pass on this Group. Twenty aircraft landed at base by 1900 hours.
source: 388th Bomb Group web page http://www.388bg.info
source: 392nd Bomb Group web page http://www.b24.net/missions/
91st BG / 323nd BS Mission Report - Five A/C of 323rd squadron took off for Emden Germany and all ships returned safely after bombing with indifferent results through 10/10s clouds with pathfinder leader. Very light enemy fighter opposition was encountered.
91BG / 401BS Mission Report - Emden: Unobserved because of weather. ENEMY AIRCRAFT: 5 - 30 encountered by this combat wing. Attacks not pressed. Meager, inaccurate AA fire reported from vicinity of Schiermonnikoog Island, AA fire was moderate and inaccurate at target. Meager, inaccurate fire reported from Nordernay Island.