Narrative - Official Air Force Mission Description
VIII Bomber Command Mission 151: 437 of 490 B-17s and 86 of 93 B-24s hit the industrial area at Emden, Germany at 1220-1312 hours; they claim 86-22-23 Luftwaffe aircraft; 15 B-17s and 2 B-24s are lost, 1 B-17 is damaged beyond repair and 120 B-17s and 18 B-24s are damaged; casualties are 2 KIA, 20 WIA and 185 MIA. This mission is escorted by 31 P-38s, 313 P-47s and 44 Ninth Air Force P-51s; they claim 21-0-7 Luftwaffe aircraft; 3 P-47s and 1 P-51 are lost; 1 P-47 and 1 P-51 are damaged beyond repair and 3 P-47s are damaged; casualties are 1 KIA and 4 MIA.
VIII Bomber Command Mission 152: 4 of 4 B-17s drop 800,000 leaflets on Laval, Rennes, Le Mans and Nantes, France at 2026-2039 hours; no casualties.
Source: THE ARMY AIR FORCES IN WORLD WAR II: COMBAT CHRONOLOGY, 1941-1945 by Carter / Mueller, the Office of Air Force History,
Bomb Load: 12 x 500 lb G.P. bombs. Bombing Altitude: 22,980 ft. Ammo Fired: 4,885 rounds.
Major Richard H. Cole flew on this mission, leading the 359BS in #41-24605, Knockout Dropper. This was his first mission as CO of the 359BS and his first 303rd BG(H) mission.
Flak was meager, but very accurate over Emden on the bomb run. Evasive action was taken to good advantage after the bombs were released. Only two twin-engine enemy fighters were seen, but no attacks were encountered. Limited P-47 fighter support was provided before reaching the enemy coast, but they left between the IP and the target because the Group was about 20 minutes late reaching the target. Visibility over the target was excellent except for a fairly effective smoke screen and some haze. The target was bombed with 57 tons of 500-lb. H.E. M-43 bombs from 29,000 feet.
There were no casualties and all aircraft returned safely, although seven aircraft received minor flak damage.
source: 306th Bombardment Group website www.306bg.org/
351BG Mission Report - 34 aircraft were sent on this mission.
source: 351st Bomb Group web page http://www.351st.org/ken.harbour
384BG Mission Report - 384th BG Mission Number 41. Primary Target: Port Area - Emden, Germany. Target Attacked : Primary (Visual)
25 aircraft assigned to this mission: Completed Mission - 21. Aborted - 3. Scrubbed - 1.
source: 384th Bomb Group web page http://384thBombGroup.com/
388BG Mission Report - The 388th was called upon to furnish two Groups for this mission. The "A" Group was to lead the 45th Combat Wing of the 2nd Task Force of the 3rd Air Division. The "B" Group was attached to the 15th Combat Wing in the 1st Air Task Force flying high Group of the 95th "A" Group.
47 of our a/c took-off at the scheduled time. Due to the bad weather conditions, the "A" Group never did form as a unit.
They tacked on to other formations. The "B" Group was able to effect formation and flew the briefed course to the target.
Three of our a/c aborted for mechanical reasons and 12 others turned back because they were unable to form with respective Group. 32 of our a/c did bomb the target.
The assigned target was the shipyards at Emden but the bomb pattern fell short of the target. Flak in the target area was moderate and 7 of our a/c reported battle damage. Enemy fighter opposition was very strong just before the target until our escort came to our assistance.
Lt. Hughes was hit by fighters and went down near Zelfug, Holland. The plane blew-up. He was one of five that were lost in this Task Force.
source: 388th Bomb Group web page http://www.388bg.info
source: 392nd Bomb Group web page http://www.b24.net/missions/
401BG / 615BS Mission Report - The target on this mission was the port of Emden and the 21 aircraft of the 401st B.G. were led by the Commanding Officer of the Group, Col. H.W. Bowman. Col. Bowman flew with a 615th crew in a 613th aircraft. The crew was that of Lt. S. Wysocki and the aircraft was the Betty J, later to become famous as the only original 401st B-17 to return to the USA in June, 1945 on Operation "HONE RUN". The 615th Squadron loading list was as follows: 42-31077 Lewis, 42-37809 Chapman
source: 615th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
44BG Mission Report - Today the Group dispatched 26 aircraft (6 each from the 66, 68; 7 each from the 67th and 506). The bombing run was to have been visual but the target was well covered by a dense smoke screen. Coupled with this fact, the run was made into the sun, making for poor bombing results. Flak over the target area was moderate and accurate, while flak at other points was negligible. Fierce enemy aircraft attacks were experienced in spite of the very fine fighter support we had. Forty to seventy fighters made the attacks with the Group making claims of 14 - 3 - 1. Lt. Ugarte's aircraft was struck by a new cable used by the Germans, injuring 2nd Lts Loeffler and Holm in the nose of his ship. This target is vital to traffic - a center for boat and rail, so it was defended well. The 67th, unfortunately lost another aircraft, this one over the target, and down by our own falling bombs. The pilot, 1st Lt. R. F. O'Neill was seen to swing over behind A/C 878 slightly to the right and about 5:30 o'clock high. They dropped their bombs on the swing as they were taking evasive actions at an altitude of 21,000 feet. Just then, at 1225 hours, the bombs from a plane above struck the right wing, breaking it off at #4 engine as well as knocking the tail assembly completely off. The ship went into a spin, caught fire, but no parachutes were seen. Lt. George Carvour saw the plane crash on land near the Emden estuary. All other planes returned to base, but six of them suffered battle damage. Weather was very cold - Sgt. Charochak suffered frost bite. 67th A/C #41-23232 M "Calaban" O'Neill, Richard F. 1st Lt. Pilot Philadelphia, Penna. Later reported as POW, but now determined Dead Worth, Woodrow N 2nd Lt. CO-pilot Winter Haven, Flor. Officially reported as POW, but now DEAD Grimes, George G. 2nd Lt. Navigator Albia, Iowa Later determined Dead Shaw, Charles M. Capt. Bombardier Liberty, Miss. Officially reported as POW, but later DEAD Kennon, Daniel T/Sgt. Engineer Douglas, Arizona. Officially reported KIA Allen, Norbert G. S/Sgt. Radio-Gun Des Moines, Iowa Unreported, but not on the Roll Of Honor McAdams, Robert C. S/Sgt. Gunner Ensley, Alabama Officially reported POW Hagmann, Paul A. Sgt. Gunner Mt. Shasta, Calif. Officially reported KIA Lester, Julian V. Sgt. Gunner Minneapolis, Minn. Unreported, now on Roll Of Honor Boggess, Boyd (NMI) Jr.S/Sgt. Gunner Richlands, Virginia Unreported, now on Roll Of Honor
source: 44th Bomb Group web page http://www.8thairforce.com/44thbg
91st BG / 323nd BS Mission Report - Five A/C of 323rd squadron took off at 0845 hours on a mission to Emden, Germany to bomb the center of the city. AA fire at the target was moderate and accurate for our A/C at 22,000 and 24,000 feet. Only four enemy aircraft were reported observed. Supporting fighters effectively drove away enemy aircraft although very few 323rd fighters were seen. Good bombing results were reported by returning crews; a high column of yellow smoke as well as many hits in the area around the inner and old inner harbors and two large fires in the Northwest section of the town having been observed. All ships of this group returned safely. No Casualties
91st BG / 322nd BS Mission Report - Raid on the Port Area of Emden, Germany. Time: Take Off 0846. Target 1241. Return 141`5. Bomb Load: 42 x 100 I.B.'s. Bombing Altitude: 22,000 ft. Bombing Results: Unobserved - effective smoke screen at target. Fighter Opposition: Only 4 E/A were observed. Our fighter support furnished excellent cover. A/A Fire: Meager inaccurate fire from vicinities of Baltrum and Langedoc Islands, moderate and accurate from Ems Basin and Groningan, also meager and inaccurate fire from Texel Island.
91BG / 401BS Mission Report - Emden: Good results were reported. Hits in target area and a high column of yellow smoke reported. Two large fires observed in NW section of town as well as hits on the RR dock. Heavy concentration of bursts with flames and high spirals of smoke in the Eastern part of the city especially around Faldern Basin. ENEMY AIRCRAFT: Only four observed, among them Me 109's and FW 190's, only one attack by a FW 190 was experienced by this, P-51, P-38 and P-47 support effective. Enroute to target, meager, inaccurate fire experienced from vicinities of Baltrum and Langedoc Islands. At target fire was moderate and accurate for our aircraft. Whitered and Black bursts reported coming from Ems Basin and Groningan.
Aircraft: B-17G (#42-39943). Organization: 310FRS / 27FRG of Heston, Middlesex. Pilot: Tilley, Robert D. Notes: landing accident. Location: Little Staughton/Sta 127 England. Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 4 source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: F-5A (#42-13312). Organization: 14PRS / 7PRG of Mount Farm, Oxfordshire. Pilot: Fricke, Harlan F. Notes: killed in a crash due to weather. Location: Warren Fram, East Berry England. Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5 source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-38H (#42-67052). Organization: 55FS / 20FG of Wittering, Northamptonshire. Pilot: Rowley, Arthur N Jr. Notes: landing accident. Location: Nuthampstead, Hertfordshire England. Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3 source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-38J (#42-67480). Organization: 310FRS / 27FRG of Heston, Middlesex. Pilot: Senesac, Guy A. Notes: crash landing. Location: Crockstone Grange England. Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5 source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-47D (#42-75045). Organization: 358FS / 355FG of Steeple Morden, Cambridgeshire. Pilot: Woertz, Jack J. Notes: killed in crash mechanical failure. Location: Steeple Morden, Cambridgeshire England. Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5 source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: Proctor III (#7212). Organization: / of . Pilot: Shickley, Moir L. Notes: taxiing accident. Location: Maghaberry, Northern Ireland England. Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3 source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Mission "8th AF Fighter Command Fighter Operation 198" Escort and support for heavy bombers December 11, 1943
Primary source for mission statistics: Mighty Eighth War Diary by Roger A. Freeman
Enemy Aircraft X-P-D
Enemy Aircraft (on gnd) X-P-D
USAAF Aircraft X-E-D
USAAF Personnel KIA-WIA-MIA
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