Narrative - Official Air Force Mission Description
Mission 191: 857 B-17s and B-24s are put into the air with intentions of bombing transportation and industrial targets at Frankfurt-Heddernheim, Frankfurt/Main and Russelsheim. Most bombers had trouble forming up in bad weather and only 563 of the 857 airborne were dispatched; all of the B-24s were recalled. Because of worsening weather all groups were recalled at 1020 hours but 58 B-17s bombed the Zukunft Power Station near Eschweiler; they claimed 1-0-3 Luftwaffe aircraft; 2 B-17s were lost, 2 damaged beyond repair and 5 damaged; casualties were 5 KIA and 21 MIA.
Escorting were 101 P-38s, 535 P-47s and 42 Ninth Air Force P-51s; the fighters were assigned area patrol, protecting all bombers as they passed through their designated area but this was abandoned when the bombers were recalled; they claim 19-4-9 Luftwaffe aircraft; 4 P-38s, 3 P-47s and 2 P-51s were lost and 6 P-47s were damaged; casualties are 9 MIA.
The RAF and USAAF in the United Kingdom, agree to place most of the available P-51s in the Eighth Air Force for long range escort of heavy bombers. Eventually the Eighth is to be equipped almost exclusively with P-51s, with the P-38s and P-47s to be transferred to the Ninth Air Force.
Source: THE ARMY AIR FORCES IN WORLD WAR II: COMBAT CHRONOLOGY, 1941-1945 by Carter / Mueller, the Office of Air Force History,
388BG Mission Report - On this mission the 388th put up 39 A/C plus 1 PFF a/c between 0700 and 837 hours. The weather was bad and difficulty was experienced in making formations. The PFF A/C aborted over the Channel and the Deputy lead took over. After crossing the enemy Coast, the formation was recalled due to a weather front moving in over England. All A/C returned to base by 1221 hours.
source: 388th Bomb Group web page http://www.388bg.info
401BG / 614BS Mission Report - On January 24th, 1944, the Group started on a mission to Frankfurt, but weather conditions forced a turn back after reaching Holland. It was recorded as a mission. Those taking part were: Chapman, Cammack, Kirkhuff, Stine, Zitkovic, Peck, Stimson.
source: 614th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
447BG Mission Report - 21 A/C of the 447th Bombardment Group (H) took off between the hours of 0740 and 0817 on 24 January 1944 and performed a normal assembly over base. Due to cloud formation and poor visibility at flight level, no Wing assembly was made although control times were made good. The 447th Bomb Group turned inside Splasher 7 to avoid a closed formation. Control time at Clacton was made. Clacton was circled by the 447th Bomb Gp until 1002 hours but no other formations were sighted. The lead ship was forced to abort due to engine trouble and the deputy lead took over with instructions to effect a joining with another group in the other area and continue if possible. At 1005 hours the message to abandon operations was received. The Group then returned to base.
source: 447 Bomb Group Association http://www.447bg.com
91st BG / 323nd BS Mission Report - Nine 323rd crews were briefed and took off on a mission to Frankfurt, Germany. The mission was recalled after the ships had reached enemy territory. On their return, they were unable to land due to weather conditions so they went to a distant field for their landing. No ships were lost on this occasion. For several days it was hoped credit would be allowed for this, but no sortie credit was given.
91st BG / 322nd BS Mission Report - Raid on Frankfurt, Germany. Bomb Load: 12 x 500; 6 x 500. Time: Take Off 0810. Recall 1025. Ar. Base: 1230. Part of Sq. landed away from base. Weather closing in at base caused the recall of all our B-17s.