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Mission

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Missions

The Eighth Air Force Historical Society

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Missions

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Narrative - Official Air Force Mission Description

Mission 191: 857 B-17s and B-24s are put into the air with intentions of bombing transportation and industrial targets at Frankfurt-Heddernheim, Frankfurt/Main and Russelsheim. Most bombers had trouble forming up in bad weather and only 563 of the 857 airborne were dispatched; all of the B-24s were recalled. Because of worsening weather all groups were recalled at 1020 hours but 58 B-17s bombed the Zukunft Power Station near Eschweiler; they claimed 1-0-3 Luftwaffe aircraft; 2 B-17s were lost, 2 damaged beyond repair and 5 damaged; casualties were 5 KIA and 21 MIA.

Escorting were 101 P-38s, 535 P-47s and 42 Ninth Air Force P-51s; the fighters were assigned area patrol, protecting all bombers as they passed through their designated area but this was abandoned when the bombers were recalled; they claim 19-4-9 Luftwaffe aircraft; 4 P-38s, 3 P-47s and 2 P-51s were lost and 6 P-47s were damaged; casualties are 9 MIA.

The RAF and USAAF in the United Kingdom, agree to place most of the available P-51s in the Eighth Air Force for long range escort of heavy bombers. Eventually the Eighth is to be equipped almost exclusively with P-51s, with the P-38s and P-47s to be transferred to the Ninth Air Force.

Source: THE ARMY AIR FORCES IN WORLD WAR II: COMBAT CHRONOLOGY, 1941-1945 by Carter / Mueller, the Office of Air Force History,