Narrative - Official Air Force Mission Description
Mission 216: 141 of 169 B-17s hit the industrial area at Brunswick, Germany and 2 hit targets of opportunity; they claim 42-30-61 Luftwaffe aircraft; 29 B-17s are lost, 1 is damaged beyond repair and 52 damaged; casualties are 2 KIA, 3 WIA and 295 MIA; escort is provided by 64 P-38s, 357 Eighth and Ninth Air Force P-47s and 45 Ninth Air Force P-51s; they claim 56-1-40 Luftwaffe aircraft in the air and 0-0-2 on the ground; 5 P-38s and 4 P-47s are lost, 1 P-38 and 1 P-51 are damaged beyond repair and 6 P-47s are damaged; casualties are 1 KIA, 1 WIA and 9 MIA. 27 of 81 B-24s hit the Gilze-Rijen Airfield, The Netherlands; dense contrails and frost prevent most aircraft from attacking; 4 B-24s are damaged beyond repair; casualties are 26 KIA and 14 WIA; escort is provided by 91 P-47s without loss.
Mission 217: In a CARPETBAGGER mission, 5 of 5 B-17s drop 260 bundles of leaflets on Rennes, Caen, Rouen and Amiens, France and Antwerp, Belgium at 2111-2145 hours without loss.
HQ 364th Fighter Group and 383d, 384th and 385th Fighter Squadrons arrive at Honington, England from the US with P-38Js; first mission is 2 Mar.
Source: THE ARMY AIR FORCES IN WORLD WAR II: COMBAT CHRONOLOGY, 1941-1945 by Carter / Mueller, the Office of Air Force History,
German damage report (Brunswick) - Hagen market, Fallersleber road, turning road, Kitchen Street, Rich Street, Beck enthusiasts road Baeckerklint, Old scale, Butt brothers, at the St. Peter's Church, Schuetzenstrasse, New Street, Bank Place, sack, Packhof, Wilhelmstrasse, Bohlweg, Steinweg, Langer Hof, long causeway , pocket road, dam, Stobenstrasse, Ackerhof, Castle Street, oil thugs On Magnitore, Goerdelingerstrasse 2, Fries, crossroads, Wilhelmstrasse. Damaged areas outside city: Wilhelmitorwall, Petritorwall, Gliesmaroder street, Karl Road, Wilhelm Bode Road, Wachholtz Street, Waterloo Road, Schunterstrasse, Wabestrasse, Allerstrasse, Henry Street, Roonstrasse, On the Pauli Church, Meadow Street, Gneisenaustrasse, Altewiekring, Husarenstrasse, Kaiser-Wilhelm-Strasse Hagen Road, Fasanenstrasse Barracks Road, Park Street, Helmstedter street Kastanienallee Korfesstrasse, Bertram Street, Martha Street, Bismarck Street, Moltkestrasse, Windmuehlenberg, Augusttor. Some famous buildings destroyed: Old scale, Mumme house, Grotrian Hall, front building of Hoffmann von Fallersleben school Raabe School (hospital), the south wing of the old ministry, company Langerfeldt, damaged wing of Okerschule difficult. Earlier Dompfarrei, prosecutors, Hagen market pharmacy, Pfeiffer & Schmidt, rear facade of the south wing of the castle, a new Ministry, Public Library, Martineum, Town Hall, St. Vincent's Hospital, Mocha room. About 250 deaths. (translated from German)
source: Brunswick city website http://www.braunschweig.de/kultur_tourismus/stadtportraet/geschichte/stadtchronik.html
388BG Mission Report - The 388th furnished one Group which led the 45th Combat Wing, which was the last Combat Wing in the 3rd Air Division formation.
22 of our a/c plus 2 PFF a/c were airborne by 0740 hours, climbed and assembled in their respective formations without difficulty. 4 a/c plus the lead PFF a/c aborted because of mechanical problems and 1 a/c aborted because of personnel failure.
The 18 remaining a/c followed the briefed course to the target. At the IP, it was expected that bombing would be done by PFF methods but after starting the bomb run, breaks in the clouds allowed visual bombing. Bombs were away at 1200 hours from 23,000 feet.
Meager to heavy flak was seen when crossing the enemy Coast at ljmuiden. Intense flak was encountered at the target where 13 of our a/c received major flak damage. Enemy fighter opposition was the most intense that this Group has seen since receiving long range fighter support. Just after we passed the Zuider Zee, the Group on the right was attacked by 25 FW 190's. At 1100 hours in the vicinity of Lingen, Germany our Group was attacked by enemy fighters in groups of three. As we neared the target, twin engine aircraft fired rockets into the formation. Our Group was under attacks until we neared the Zuider Zee on the return route. Our friendly fighters were outnumbered, especially in the target area.
Lt. Bailey had to make an emergency landing at Seething. All crew members are safe. Lt. Ramsey received leg wounds from flak. Three of our crews were shot down.
source: 388th Bomb Group web page http://www.388bg.info
446th Bomb Group Mission Report Gilze-Rijen airfield, Holland
Because of failure on the GH pathfinder plane and heavy overcast, none of the 22 planes which reached the target dropped. The weather was especially bad, with 5 crewmen suffering frostbite. The weather also caused a few close calls and minor collisions among the aircraft.
source: 446th Bomb Group www.446bg.com
Non-Combat Accident Reports
Aircraft: B-17F (#42-5900). Organization: 561BS / 388BG of Knettishall, Suffolk. Pilot: McLaughlin, John W. Notes: landing accident. Location: Knettishall, Suffolk England. Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3 source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: B-24H (#41-29254). Organization: 734BS / 453BG of Old Buckenham, Norfolk. Pilot: Bickerstaff, Robert B. Notes: crash landing. Location: Old Buckenham, Norfolk England. Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 4 source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: B-24H (#42-52115). Organization: 714BS / 448BG of Seething, Norfolk. Pilot: Markiewicz, Edward A. Notes: killed in a crash. Location: Framlingham/4mi N Sta 153 England. Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5 source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: B-24J (#42-100046). Organization: 565BS / 389BG of Hethel, Norfolk. Pilot: Loebs, Herbert H. Notes: killed due to explosion. Location: Ringland England. Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5 source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: B-24J (#42-100431). Organization: 753BS / 458BG of Horsham St. Faith, Norfolk. Pilot: Claggett, Ellwood T. Notes: taxiing accident. Location: Horsham St. Faith, Norfolk England. Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 3 source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-38J (#42-67667). Organization: 38FS / 55FG of Nuthampstead, Hertfordshire. Pilot: Gore, Robert N. Notes: forced landing. Location: Duxford, Cambridgeshire England. Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5 source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-38J (#42-67729). Organization: 55FS / 20FG of Wittering, Northamptonshire. Pilot: Taylor, Jack (NMI). Notes: killed in a crash. Location: Wisbech/nr Sutton Bridge England. Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5 source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Aircraft: P-47D (#42-74695). Organization: 370FS / 359FG of East Wretham, Norfolk. Pilot: Cosmos, Alexander M. Notes: killed in a crash due to weather. Location: Somershaw/nr England. Damage (0-5 increasing damage): 5 source: Aviation Archaeology http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/
Mission "8th AF 216" Brunswick industrial area February 10, 1944
Primary source for mission statistics: Mighty Eighth War Diary by Roger A. Freeman
Enemy Aircraft X-P-D
Enemy Aircraft (on gnd) X-P-D
USAAF Aircraft X-E-D
USAAF Personnel KIA-WIA-MIA
388BG aircraft ditches sea
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