Narrative - Official Air Force Mission Description
1. 327 B-17s are dispatched to the Franfurt am Main marshaling yard; only 101 hit the primary target because of PFF failures; 103 hit Frankfurt Offenbach, 49 hit Ludwigshafen, 20 hit Limburg, 12 hit Fischbach and 8 hit other targets of opportunity; 8 B-17s are lost with 1 KIA, 5 WIA and 80 MIA. 154 B-24s are also dispatched to the same target; 36 hit the primary and 46 hit targets of opportunity; 1 B-24 is lost and 3 damaged beyond repair; casualties are 16 KIA, 4 WIA and 11 MIA. The bombers claim 2-0-2 Luftwaffe aircraft. Escort is provided by 33 P-38s, 445 Eighth and Ninth Air Force P-47s and 111 P-51s; 1 P-38 is damaged; the P-47s claim 13-2-3 Luftwaffe aircraft, 3 P-47s are lost and 7 damaged, 2 pilots are MIA; the P-51s claim 4-0-1 Luftwaffe aircraft, 2 P-51s are damaged and 1 pilot is MIA.
2. 84 of 106 B-17s dispatched hit the air depot at Chartres, France; 1 B-17 is lost and 12 damaged; casualties are 1 WIA and 10 MIA. This mission is escorted by 89 P-38s, 145 Eighth and Ninth Air Force P-47s and 47 Ninth Air Force P-51s; they claim 2-0-0 Luftwaffe aircraft on the ground; 1 P-38 is lost.
Mission 245: 5 of 5 B-17s drop 250 bundles of leaflets on Caen, Amiens, Rouen, Chartres and Rennes, France at 2015-2054 hours without loss.
HQ 92d Combat Bombardment Wing (Heavy) moves from Camp Blainey to Sudbury, England.
Source: THE ARMY AIR FORCES IN WORLD WAR II: COMBAT CHRONOLOGY, 1941-1945 by Carter / Mueller, the Office of Air Force History,
Carpetbagger Mission Report
Frederick G Kelly , ASN# 0-681112, Co-Pilot; of Vermont: EVR - RTD 1 June 1944
Leroy E Goswick , ASN# 13090050, Dispatcher; of Youngwood, PA: EVR/POW - Captured 4 May '44 - interned Stalag Luft IV Gross-Tychow, Pomerania, Prussia
Thomas K Kendall , ASN# 0-690665, Navigator; of Ohio: EVR/POW - In evasion 3Mar-8Apr 1944 - Interned Stalag Luft 7A
Edward H De Coste , ASN# 11087792, Tail Gunner; of Massachusetts: EVR/POW - Captured 4 May 44 - Interned Stalag Luft IV Gross-Tychow, Pomerania, Prussia
Norman R Gellerman , ASN# 37309882, Engineer; of St. Paul, MN: KIA
Edward T Shevlin , ASN# 0-679669, Bombardier; of Kings Cty,NY: POW
Warren L Ross , ASN# 16082986, Dispatcher; of Detroit, MI: POW - Interned Stalag Luft VI later Stalag Luft IV
All above MACR 3436
source: The Carpetbaggers http://www.801492.org/
303BG Mission Report - Target: V.K.F. Ball Bearing Works, Frankfurt, Germany and Messerschmidt Aircraft Factory, Hochstenbach, Germany. Crews Dispatched: 31 (358BS - 6, 359th - 9, 360th - 8, 427th - 8). Crews Lost: Lt. Elder - 2 KIA, 8 POW. Crew Members Lost or Wounded: 3 men had frostbite. Length of Mission: 7 hours, 15 minutes. Bomb Load: 500 lb G.P. bombs.
Bombing Altitudes: Group - 26,000 ft; Squadron - 20,300 ft. Ammo Fired: 995 rounds
Thirty-one Group aircraft took off with four abortives. The main "A" Group and 384/303 "B" Group dropped their bombs on the primary target at Frankfurt with 779 65-lb. M47A1 bombs. The 384/303 "B" Group dropped thirty 500-lb. G.P. bombs and the 379/303 "C" Group bombed a target of opportunity, the railroad marshalling yard of Hochstenbach, Germany, with fifty 500-lb. G.P. bombs. All bomb runs were made manually.
Flak in the Frankfurt area was meager to moderate and was generally inaccurate. Eight aircraft sustained flak battle damage. Crews reported seeing 15 to 20 enemy fighters, but no attacks were made on Group aircraft. Excellent fighter support was furnished.
One Group aircraft flying in the 384/303 "B" Group was lost between the IP and the target. The Squadron sustained one pass by two ME-109s, which may have been the reason for the loss. When last seen #42-97509 Old Hickory was about 3,000 feet below the Squadron formation, under full control, although the No. 1 engine was smoking. The crew bailed out over Belgium and the aircraft crashed two kilometers west of Serinchamps.
source: 306th Bombardment Group website www.306bg.org/
351BG Mission Report - 22 aircraft were sent on this mission.
42-31776 Lt. R. A. Seaman - Shot down by fighters. POW 9, EVD 1.
source: 351st Bomb Group web page http://www.351st.org/ken.harbour
384BG Mission Report - 384th BG Mission Number 69. Primary Target: Alfred Taves Main Works: Aircraft Parts Plant - Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany. Target Attacked : Primary (PFF)
35 aircraft assigned to this mission: Completed Mission - 31. Aborted - 4 42-3440 Outen, Charles L - Aborted at 1048 hrs b/c oil cooler broke and eight gallons of oil were lost, so oil pressure dropped rapidly; 10x500GP rtd 42-3441 Smith, Harry B - Aborted at 1046 hrs; #1 prop ran away (prop governor sheared); Landed away at Gatwick 42-37776 Decker, Charles E - Aborted at 1123 hrs when a burst of flak hit #4 engine, causing the oil pressure to drop and necessitating the feathering of the engine; #1 & #3 superchargers failed (#1 due to b/d), and #2 lagged excessively; bombs 10x500GP jettisoned in a wooded area; plane called Daisy June; 42-37789 Knapp, Paul B - Aborted at 1010 hrs when #2 supercharger ran away and could not be controlled; 10x500GP rtd
source: 384th Bomb Group web page http://384thBombGroup.com/
388BG Mission Report - The 388th furnished one Group which was the high Group in the 45th Combat Wing which followed the 13th Combat Wing over the Target. Our assigned Target was a German FW 190 training field southwest of Paris. The 1st and 2nd Air Divisions were to attack Frankfurt.
24 of our A/C were airborne by 1430 hours with 3 a/c aborting because of mechanical problems. Formations were effected and the briefed route was followed. After the IP, our Group had to make an S turn in order to keep an interval between our Group and the one ahead. Bombs were dropped at 1704 hours from 22,000 feet in clear weather. Some hangers were hit by our bombs.
No enemy fighters were encountered and scattered flak was in the Target area. 21 A/C returned to base by 1940 hours.
source: 388th Bomb Group web page http://www.388bg.info
source: 392nd Bomb Group web page http://www.b24.net/missions/
401BG / 613BS Mission Report - The 613th was the High Squadron in the Group formation. Lt. W.G. Sheahan's entire crew was lost on this operation. Their aircraft was last seen at approximately 1355 hrs when it was the object of an attack by enemy fighters. As many as 6 or 7 parachutes were seen to come out of the ship and later the tail broke off and the ship disintegrated. The weather was 10/10's undercast and consequently this was a pathfinder mission and by the same token the results of the bombing could not be observed or photographed. The following crews participated: Sheahan, Jones, Lew, Sharp, Livingstone, Vokaty, Stelzer.
source: 613th Bombardment Squadron History
401BG / 614BS Mission Report - On March 2nd the 401st flew 36 aircraft on a mission to Frankfurt, Germany, with Captain White as the Group Air Commander. The target was an engineering works and the Group flew as the High Box of the 94th Combat Wing. A 613th Squadron ship piloted by Lt. W.G. Sheahan was lost on the mission after being attacked by enemy fighters. The aircraft was the "SAC HOUND", and as the crew were bailing out its tail broke off and disintegrated. Because of the weather - 10/10ths undercast - a PFF run was made on the target. There were no observations or photographs due to the undercast. The seven 614th crews on this mission were: Weber, Dawes, Owens, Kirkhuff, Peterson, Wilson, Kaufman.
source: 614th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
401BG / 615BS Mission Report - The Group was briefed for the mission at 0500 hrs and all 36 aircraft and crews were airborne by 0915 hrs. The 401st put up the High Box in the 41st "B" Combat Wing and the Lead and Low Squadrons in the 94th CBW. Composite formation. The 615th Squadron flew the Lead in the Composite formation with Captain R.J. White flying as co-pilot with 1st Lt. C.A. Lewis and as Air Commander of the Group. The target was covered by 10/10th's clouds and a navigational error by the 1st Air Division caused the bombing of a target of opportunity by most of the aircraft. The 613th Squadron lost an aircraft piloted by Lt. William C. Sheahan, 42-31467, IN-J. The 615th Loading list was as follows: Lewis (with Capt. R.J. White), Wysocki, Dempsey, Lozinski, Byrd, Campbell, Trimble, Otton, Post.
source: 615th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
401BG / 612BS Mission Report - On the mission to Ahlen, Germany dated 2nd March, Capt. J.W. Maupin, 1st Lt. G.M. Fox, 2nd Lt. D.D. Wilson and 2nd Lt. L.J. Mendelson while flying the Group lead ship did such outstanding work in spite of the hazard of unfavourable weather conditions and enemy interference that a letter of commendation was written to each of the officers by Colonel H.W. Bowman. Crews: Dunaway, Goodman, Fox, Wells, Kuhl, Sellers, Kelly, Hersey, Christensen.
source: 612th Bombardment Squadron History
44BG Mission Report - Frankfurt/main, Germany, the site of piston ring factory, etc. was the objective of today's mission, but was attacked by only a portion of the scheduled number of the Group's planes. Bad weather caused the difficulties. Then, a target of opportunity could not be located so many of the aircraft came back without having dropped their bombs. Ten aircraft bombed the briefed target, Frankfurt, but with unobserved results. Take-off came at 0900 hours with our planes loaded with 40 x 100 lb bombs. Visibility clear over England, but 10/10th clouds over Europe. Sgt. Kipnes (Lt. Perry's crew) states: "I had to remove all 40 bomb fuse pins. Nearly froze my fingers on my right hand. Then had to handle the camera for picture taking over target. Flak was heavy, but no enemy fighters visible. Our fighter escort was exceptional. We flew into Germany at an average speed of 250 MPH, but on the return trip speed was 112 MPH. Excessively fierce westerly winds on the return so we seemed to be standing still over the heart of Germany. Sweated out fuel, but we finally came in to a sweet landing. We dropped our bombs by PFF. Landed at 1600 hrs." Some accurate flak was encountered near the target area and several aircraft landed away from the home base due to either damages sustained or low in fuel. One aircraft piloted by Lt. Rose crash-landed with four dead engines caused by the fuel transfer system failing. The crash was not marred by any injuries and the aircraft was in a repairable condition. The 67th Squadron had five planes airborne, one returned early and the rest were back at the base by 1600 hours - one officer was wounded. The above activities occurred on 2nd March.
source: 44th Bomb Group web page http://www.8thairforce.com/44thbg
446th Bomb Group Mission Report Frankfurt
The Alfred Teves aircraft plant was targeted, along with Frankfurts rail marshalling yards, but heavy overcast prevented the group from dropping any bombs. 2 men suffered frostbite.
source: 458th Bomb Group web page http://www.458bg.com/
91st BG / 323nd BS Mission Report - Frankfurt, Germany. Nine ships of 323rd squadron participating. As there was a 10/10 overcast above the target, results of bombing could not be ascertained, but all ships returned safely to base after having dropped their bombs.
91st BG / 322nd BS Mission Report - Raid on Frankfurt, Germany. Eight 323rd A/C dropped 80 x 500 G.P. bombs on P.F.F. through 10/10 undercast at 1213 hours from 24,500 ft. Aircraft #128, due to malfunction of oxygen equipment turned back at 1100 hours, jettisoning 10 x 500 G.P. bombs in the channel at 1120 hours. A/C #736 (324 ship), due to mechanical failures, turned back at 1114 hours and brought back 10 x 500 G.P. bombs. Moderate and accurate A/A fire at the target inflicted major damage and (sic) three 323rd aircraft. Minor damage to two others. There were no direct attacks on our group by E/A. About ten to twenty E/A were sighted. Fighter support was good all the way, with the exception of the target area where our division was without support for thirty minutes. All 323rd aircraft returned to base, making no claims.
91BG / 401BS Mission Report - Mission to Frankfurt, Germany. Frankfurt: Unobserved due to undercast. ENEMY AIRCRAFT: No direct attacks were suffered by this Group. Eight to twenty E/A were sighted, attacking wings behind ours. FIGHTER ESCORT: Good all the way, with the exception of the target area. Enroute to the target, meager AA fire was observed coming from Abbeville. At the target, moderate and accurate AA fire was encountered. On the way back, meager and accurate AA fire was reported from the vicinity of Brussels. Tail gunner of A/C 929, S/Sgt. W. L. Sexton - bullet wound on right arm and left leg. Pilot of A/C 929, F. C. Ammann - wounds on right side and arm from bursting shell. A/C 929 piloted by Lt. F. C. Ammann, returned early. This ship suffered enemy fighter attacks which wounded the tail gunner and the pilot. It was forced to turn back from 5000 N - 0525 E. The # 2 engine went out, started smoking and couldn't be completely feathered. As a result, this ship dropped out of formation and lost altitude.