Narrative - Official Air Force Mission Description
Eighth Air Force Mission 284: 1. 236 B-17s are dispatched to Germany; 193 hit the secondary target (Brunswick), 20 hit Unterluss, 18 hit Stedorf and 2 hit other targets of opportunity; the B-17s claim 8-3-6 Luftwaffe aircraft; 9 B-17s are lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and 66 damaged; casualties are 2 KIA, 5 WIA and 90 MIA.
Escort is provided by 50 P-38s, 242 P-47s and 136 Eighth and Ninth Air Force P-51s; the fighters claim 44-4-13 Luftwaffe aircraft in the air and 13-7-14 on the ground; results are: P-38s: 2 lost, 3 damaged beyond repair and 1 damaged; 2 pilots are KIA and 2 MIA. P-47s: 1 lost, 2 damaged beyond repair and 8 damaged; 2 pilots are WIA. P-51s: 9 lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and 3 damaged; 1 pilot is WIA and 8 MIA.
2. 77 B-24s are dispatched to V-weapon sites at Watten, France; only 30 bomb because of PFF failures; 2 B-24s are damaged beyond repair and 6 damaged; casualties are 18 KIA and 1 WIA. Escort is provided by 37 P-47s; no claims or losses.
Source: THE ARMY AIR FORCES IN WORLD WAR II: COMBAT CHRONOLOGY, 1941-1945 by Carter / Mueller, the Office of Air Force History,
Bomb Load: 10 x 100 lb G.P. bombs plus 42 x M47A1 Incendiaries. Bombing Altitude: 20,800 ft. Ammo Fired: 320 rounds.
Twenty-two Fortresses took off to bomb the M.I.A.G. factory at Waggum, just north of Brunswick. Due to the cloud cover over the primary and secondary targets and the inability of the PFF lead B-17 to drop its bombs and flares, the briefed targets were not attacked. An attempt was made to bomb an airdrome, but the low Group picked it as a target of opportunity and passed underneath the 303rd BG(H) formation. The Group's lead bombardier dropped on Stedorf, 14 miles southeast of Bremen, as the undercast closed in only a short bomb run could be made. Some hits were seen in the barracks area on the edge of the town. 198 100-lb. M30 bombs and 626 65-lb. M47A1 incendiary bombs were dropped from 20,800 feet
The Group again encountered little opposition. The flak was meager and four aircraft had minor damage. From 20 to 25 enemy fighters were seen, but there were no attacks. Due to the extremely poor visibility at Molesworth upon return, five aircraft landed at other bases and then flew to Molesworth during the late afternoon. There were no casualties.
27 aircraft assigned to this mission: Completed Mission - 21. Aborted - 1. Spare, Returned As Briefed - 1. Ground Spare, Unused - 4 42-31048 Poole, George I - Landed away Nuthamstead 42-31235 Herbert, Joseph R - Landed away Kimbolton 42-31375 Courtemanche, Ralph E - Landed away Lackenheath 42-31484 Armstrong, Lloyd R - Landed away Nuthamstead 42-31740 June, Glenn J - Landed away Lackenheat 42-37785 Yokie, John O - Landed away Polebrook 42-38014 Berbrich, John M - Landed away Wool-Fox-Lodge 42-38112 Fioretti, Edward Anthony - Landed away Nuthamstead 42-97081 Corcoran, John J - Landed away Wool-Fox-Lodg 42-97139 Miller, James G - Landed away Cottesmor 42-97142 Smith, Charles G - Landed away Harrington 42-97251 Gekakis, Anthony - Aborted at 1215 hrs b/c he could not locate grp due to bad weather; rtd 10x100GP, 28 M47A1 to base 42-97510 Horton, Lloyd (NMI) - Landed away Cottesmore
source: 384th Bomb Group web page http://384thBombGroup.com/
401BG / 613BS Mission Report - The 613th crew flew as a spare: Hess. The target was 10/10 overcast and bombing was done by Pathfinder resulting in no visible evidence of bomb damage. Just a few enemy aircraft were observed and none attacked our formations. Meager to moderate flak was encountered along the route but was only fair for accuracy. The crews returned safely.
source: 613th Bombardment Squadron History
401BG / 614BS Mission Report - The 1st Bomb Division went out on their own to Germany on 29th March attacking the secondary target at Brunswick. The plants under attack were producing aircraft component parts • The 401st put up 21 air- craft as the Lead Box of the 94th Wing with Major W.T. Seawell as the Air Commander. The primary was 10/10ths overcast so an attack was made by PFF methods on Brunswick,so there was no visable evidence of bomb damage. A few enemy aircraft were observed at a distance but none came in to attack the formation that the 401st was part of. The flak was meager to moderate and alth9ugh all the Group's aircraft returned without injury to the crews one 401st ship was salvaged through battle damage. Crews: Ksieniewicz, Walsh, Dawes, Stimson, Kirkhuff.
source: 614th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
401BG / 615BS Mission Report - The industrial center of Brunswick was the MPI since the bombing was expected to be by PFF. No photos were taken, no observations of results being possible because of 10/10th's cloud cover over the target. No enemy aircraft attacked the Group, but dog-fights with the escorts were observed. Meagre to moderate flak was encountered en route to, and at the target. The 401st was the Lead Box of the 94th CBW and Major William T. Seawell was the Wing Air Commander, with the Squadron Bombardier and Squadron Navigator, Captain Kuenning and Captain Causey respectively, assisting. The 615th put up the High Squadron in the Wing formation. For a while it appeared that a 615th ship, IY-J, Serial No. 42-97496, was MIA but at 2232 hrs that night the Control Tower was informed that it had landed at Lakenheath. The 615th loading list was as follows: Kalinski, Grinham (with Capt. W.W. Hill as observer), Campbell, Otton, Trimble, Byrd. Major Seawell and the Leading Crew flew with Lt. Walter B. Keith in a 613th aircraft. They had been taken by road to Chelveston to pick up a PFF aircraft and met the Group over Deenethorpe.
source: 615th Bombardment Squadron History www.401bg.org
source: 457 Bomb Group http://www.457thbombgroup.org
91st BG / 323nd BS Mission Report - Brunswick, Germany was attacked on the 29th. While there was a 10/10 formation of clouds over the target and bombing results could not be observed. All ships succeeded in dropping their bombs and returned safely to base. Not without considerable enemy opposition, however, for a change they sent up quite a few number of fighters in an attempt to deal with our bombers and escorting aircraft. No ships or crew members were lost from 323rd squadron, but they reported the opposition a lot stronger than it had been for some days.
91st BG / 324th BS Mission Report - Target: Secondary - City of Brunswick. Today's mission marked the 16 for our group this month - a new record. The best previous month accounted for but 10 missions. Weather caused our A/C to attack secondary target with unobserved results. The Luftwaffe reappeared today to press home aggressive attacks on our formation. They were hotly engaged by our excellent fighter support. Many dog fights were reported with P-51's chasing ME109's right through our formation. Flak accurate.
91BG / 401BS Mission Report - Mission to Braunschweig, Germany The primary target is situated at Waggum, Germany, four miles North of the city of Braunschweig. The center of the industrial area in the same city was the secondary. Undercast forced attack on secondary by PFF, with unobserved results. ENEMY AIRCRAFT: Varying reports of up to 50 single engine E/F, including FW 190s and Me 109s, encountered over the target. Only one concerted attack was made on this formation. Our escort hit the enemy A/C before they could make a large concentrated attack forcing the one pass to be made in small numbers. Even during this pass, our fighter support was mixing it with the enemy and followed those through the formation. FIGHTER SUPPORT: fighter support was excellent. It was particularly effective over the target for a large number of E/A were encountered and many dogfights ensued. Enroute to the target, meager, inaccurate AA fire was reported from vicinities of Quackenbruck, Vechta and Nienburg. White bursts were reported from Vechta and Lenbrusk.